Organizational Psychology Graduate Programs
Industrial Organizational Psychology Graduate Programs (or IO Psychology Programs) help students develop a thorough understanding of human behavior and how it impacts the ...
workplace. Through a combination of psychology and business courses, students may learn to use psychological principles and practices to solve problems in many areas of business. This includes HR, administration, sales, management, marketing and more. Programs may also help students develop research skills and knowledge, and conduct their own studies to further the field.
IO Psychology, or industrial organizational psychology, is the application of psychology to organizations. Psychological principles and methods are used to solve problems and improve the quality of work life. This could include issues such as productivity, differing work styles and morale. IO psychology may also inform policy decisions, employee screening or training practices, and strategic development.i
Industrial organizational psychology could be used in many different places. Businesses, government agencies, consulting firms and research bodies are just a few examples. Within these organizations, IO psychology might support a wide range of departments and tasks. In brief, industrial organization psychology could play a role anywhere people work together. And IO psychology programs may prepare you to be part of this process.
How do you know a graduate program in business psychology or industrial organizational psychology may be great for you? First consider your interests and goals. Industrial organizational psychology programs focus not only on the psychology of the workplace from a scientific standpoint, but also on its use to benefit both the organization and its individual members. Specifically, industrial psychology refers to the study and application of psychology as it affects workers on a personal level. This could include things like employee reviews, benefits, and the overall work environment. Organizational psychology focuses on the effectiveness of the organization as a whole. While graduate programs may focus on both these areas, knowing what aspects of industrial organizational psychology are of interest to you may help to determine your ideal course of study.
Your background may also be a major factor when it comes to selecting industrial organizational psychology graduate programs. Each program may have different admission requirements based on education and professional experience. Additionally, experience may be useful in choosing which area of IO psychology to concentrate on. Each school’s requirements and areas of focus are different, so follow up for details.
Industrial organizational psychology programs combine clinical and organizational psychology courses with business classes. This provides students with a well-rounded base with which to understand and influence dynamics in the workplace. Students may also take classes to develop their research skills and knowledge. While curriculum may vary depending on degree level and program goals, students could expect to take a few of the following classes.
These are just some courses which might be available. Schools vary.
Many industrial organizational psychology graduate programs provide students with ways to learn outside the classroom. If your goal is to pursue industrial organizational psychology research, looking at what opportunities are provided may be crucial. This is especially important for those interested in PhD industrial organizational psychology programs. Research often plays a larger role in doctorate programs, and most have a dissertation requirement. Therefore, it may be a good idea to seek programs with opportunities that align with your interests.
Those starting with a masters program may also wish to look for chances to gain research experience. This may help you pursue academic and professional opportunities. Plus, it could potentially strengthen your doctorate application if you continue your studies.
If you're more interested in the application of research within the organization, choosing an industrial organizational psychology program with a greater focus on the real-world may be preferable. Some programs involve practicums, observation, or other experiences that may be of value. Schools vary so contact them directly for details.
Industrial organizational psychology graduate programs may cover several levels and types of credentials. This may range from graduate certificates to masters or doctorate programs. Each of these could be tailored toward a unique set of academic and professional goals. They may also have varying requirements.
Masters in industrial organizational psychology programs typically require two years of full time study and may result in either a MA or MS degree. While programs vary by institution, choosing between a MA and a MS program often depends on your career and educational goals.
Many MA in industrial psychology programs are geared toward enabling further study. They may act as a stepping stone toward a doctorate and professional research opportunities. MA programs might require the successful completion of a thesis as a requirement for graduation.
A MS program in industrial organizational psychology, on the other hand, may focus more on the practical application of IO psychology. These programs may be a great way to pursue management and analytic roles. Some may also have a practicum component for students to gain experience in the field.
Many people pursuing a masters in industrial psychology have already obtained bachelors degrees in psychology. However graduate programs may also consider relevant experience, as well as skills that may cross over from other disciplines. These students may be required to demonstrate a basic level of fluency with psychology or take remedial courses before entry.
Ph.D. programs in industrial-organizational psychology are longer and typically research based. As such, many may have research experience requirements for admission. This experience could be earned while earning a masters degree in industrial-organizational psychology or in a professional setting. In either case, a masters degree from an accredited university may be required.
Earning a Ph.D. in industrial-organizational psychology could allow you to conduct you own IO research, both during the program and post graduation. You might also pursue careers teaching at a university or a variety of advanced professional and consulting positions. Typically programs require students to write a dissertation and 4 to 6 years of study. Schools vary.
Graduate certificate programs in industrial-organizational psychology may be ideal for working professionals looking to expand expertise. These programs are often shorter and have more concentrated course work. Many may be aimed at individuals who have already completed a related graduate program but wish to expand their knowledge in industrial organizational psychology. Others may require some professional experience. Every program is different, so contact schools for details.
Choosing the format for your IO psychology program may be a key factor in the success of your education. Schools now offer a variety of formats that may fit into your lifestyle. On-campus, online, and hybrid programs may all be available.
Industrial organizational psychology schools, the most traditional option, may be ideal for those who want the community atmosphere of a campus. Students may also have the opportunity to interact with or participate in research opportunities alongside professors.
Online IO psychology graduate programs may offer a level of convenience perfect for the working professional. Graduate programs situated 100% online may not be subject to geographical restrictions. Additionally, online classes could have greater flexibility to fit into your schedule. It's important to note that some programs may have practicum or other in person requirements. Follow up for details.
For those who value the on campus experience, but require the flexibility of an online program, hybrid IO psychology graduate programs may be a great choice. Hybrid programs offer a blend of online and on-campus options. This could allow you to participate in campus life when possible, and choose online options if it is a good fit for you.
Sometimes referred to as business psychologists, industrial organizational psychologists focus on a variety of areas related to the workplace. This may include anything from performing rigorous academic and scientific research to applying those concepts to develop and sustain a happier, healthier, and more effective organization. Each of these goals may be enhanced by completing industrial organizational psychology graduate programs.
While psychologists typically need a doctoral degree in psychology, those with a masters degree in psychology can work as industrial organizational psychologists.ii Employment of industrial-organizational psychologists is projected to grow 19 percent from 2014 to 2024, much faster than the average for all occupations. However, ondustrial-organizational psychologists are expected to face competition for positions because of the large number of qualified applicants. Industrial-organizational psychologists with extensive training in quantitative research methods may have a competitive edge.iii Look for industrial organizational psychology graduate programs with a strong research component if this is of interest to you.
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Source: [i] bls.gov/ooh/life-physical-and-social-science/psychologists.htm#tab-2 | [ii] bls.gov/ooh/life-physical-and-social-science/psychologists.htm#tab-4 | [iii] bls.gov/ooh/life-physical-and-social-science/psychologists.htm#tab-6
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