Organizational Psychology Graduate Programs
Industrial Organizational Psychology Graduate Programs (or IO Psychology Programs) help students develop a thorough understanding of human behavior and how it impacts the workplace.
Through a combination of psychology and business courses, students may learn to use psychological principles and practices to solve problems in many areas of an organization. Industrial organizational psychologists could address issues in HR, administration, sales, management, marketing and more.
Industrial organizational programs may also help students develop research skills and knowledge. They may learn to conduct their own studies to better understand interactions in the workplace and help employees and organizations thrive.
Industrial organizational psychology, or IO psychology, is the application of psychology to organizations in both the public and private sector. Psychological principles and methods are used to solve problems and improve the quality of work life.
For example, IO psychology may be used to address issues such as productivity, differing work styles and morale. It may also inform policy decisions, employee screening or training practices, and strategic development.
Industrial organizational psychologists could be useful in many different places. Businesses, government agencies, consulting firms and research bodies are just a few examples. Within these organizations, an organizational psychologist might support a wide range of departments and tasks.i
In brief, industrial organization psychology could play a role anywhere people work together. And earning a graduate organizational psychology degree may prepare you to be part of this process.
Industrial organizational psychology graduate programs focus not only on the psychology of the workplace from a scientific standpoint, but also on its use to benefit both the organization and its individual members. The field can be divided into two main parts.
Industrial psychology graduate programs highlight the study and application of psychology as it affects workers on a personal level. This could include things like employee reviews, benefits, and the overall work environment.
Organizational psychology programs focus on the effectiveness of the organization as a whole. While graduate programs may focus on both these areas, knowing what aspects of industrial organizational psychology are of most interest to you may help to determine your ideal course of study.
Your background may also be a major factor when it comes to selecting your school. Each industrial organizational psychology program may have different admission requirements based on education and professional experience. Requirements and available areas of focus vary, so follow up with an admission advisor for details.
Industrial organizational psychology graduate programs combine clinical and organizational psychology courses with business classes. This provides students with a well-rounded base with which to understand and influence dynamics in the workplace.
Students may also take classes to develop their research skills and knowledge. While curriculum may vary depending on degree level and program goals, IO pssychology students could expect to take a few of the following classes.
Contact individual industrial organizational psychology schools for a full course list.
Many industrial organizational psychology programs provide students with ways to learn outside the classroom. If your goal is to pursue research, looking at what opportunities are available may be crucial.
This is especially important for those interested in earning a PhD organizational psychology degree. Research often plays a larger role in doctorate programs, and most have a dissertation requirement. Therefore, it may be a good idea to seek programs with opportunities that align with your interests.
Those starting with masters in organizational psychology programs may also wish to look for chances to gain research experience. This may help you pursue academic and professional opportunities. Plus, it could potentially strengthen your doctorate application if you continue your studies.
If you're more interested in applying research as an industrial organizational psychologist, choosing a program with a greater focus on the real-world may be preferable. Some industrial psychology programs involve practicums, observation, or other experiences that may be of value. Schools vary so contact them directly for details.
Industrial organizational psychology graduate programs may be offered at several levels and award different types of credentials. These may range from graduate certificates to masters or doctorate degrees. Each is tailored toward a unique set of academic and professional goals. They may also have varying requirements.
Masters in industrial organizational psychology programs prepare students to pursue careers as industrial organizational psychologists or to continue their education in a doctorate program. They may result in either a MA or MS degree. Often, MA and MS organizational psychology masters programs are rather similar. However, when they do vary, they may reflect different career and educational goals.
Many MA in industrial psychology programs are geared toward enabling further study. They may act as a stepping stone toward a doctorate and professional research opportunities.
As such, many MA organizational psychology masters programs require the successful completion of a thesis for graduation. They also often take a more liberal arts approach to subject matter and may place a heavier emphasis on theory.
An MS program in industrial organizational psychology, on the other hand, may focus more on the practical application of IO psychology. These are often based on a scientist-practitioner model and focus heavily on applying theory and research in the field. For this reason, Masters of Science in Organizational Psychology programs may be a great way to prepare to pursue management, HR and analytic roles.
Both organizational psychology masters programs often include an internship or practicum component to augment classroom study. This may help students to gain experience in the field.
There may also be opportunities to support professors with research or pursue interests of your own. Every masters in organizational psychology program is designed differently, so it's best to review course lists and contact schools for additional information.
Typically industrial organizational psychology masters programs require two years of full time study. However this may vary by program and enrollment. Contact an advisor for specifics.
To apply to a masters in organizational psychology program, students may need to have earned a bachelors in psychology degree.
However, organizational psychology masters programs may also consider relevant experience, as well as skills that may cross over from other disciplines. Students with undergraduate degrees in different fields may be required to demonstrate a basic level of fluency with psychology or take remedial courses before entry.
Industrial organizational psychology schools may also require a minimum undergraduate GPA, test scores and other admission materials. Contact preferred masters in organizational psychology programs to learn more.
PhD organizational psychology programs are research focused programs that provide the highest level of study in the field. Most allow students to conduct their own IO research, both during the program and post graduation.
Students are often required to complete a disseration in which they have an opportunity to explore a specific area of interest. Coursework may also be tailored to support this effort.
To graduate, PhD organizational psychology students present, defend and publish their findings. They also typically take final exams.
Most industrial organizational psychology PhD programs take about 4-7 years of full times study to complete, though programs vary. Upon graduation, students might pursue careers teaching at a university or a variety of advanced professional and consulting positions.ii,iii Employement requirements vary.
As Ph.D. organizational psychology programs are longer and typically research based, many may have research experience requirements for admission. This experience could be earned while earning an industrial organizational psychology masters degree or in a professional setting.
In either case, a masters degree from an accredited university may be required. Other materials such as essays, transcipts and test scores may also be requested. Contact schools for details.
Graduate certificate programs in industrial organizational psychology may be ideal for working professionals looking to expand expertise. These programs are often shorter and have more concentrated course work. In fact, often programs may require only 1-1.5 years of study.
Many may be aimed at individuals who have already completed a related graduate program but wish develop specialized knowledge in industrial organizational psychology. Others may better suit those from different fields looking to apply IO psychology principles to their current career.
Depending on the program and its goals, a certificate in organizational psychology program may require a bachelors or masters degree, as well as professional experience. Some may also provide credits that are transferable to a later industrial organizational psychology masters program. Every program is different, so contact schools for details.
Choosing the format for your IO psychology program may be a key factor in the success of your education. Schools now offer a variety of options that may fit into your lifestyle. On-campus, online, and hybrid programs may all be available.
Industrial organizational psychology schools, the most traditional option, may be ideal for those who want the community atmosphere of a campus. Many schools have facilties like labs and libraries to enhance the classroom experience. Students may also have the opportunity to participate in research opportunities alongside professors.
Industrial organizational psychology online programs may offer a level of convenience perfect for the working professional. Graduate programs situated 100% online may not be subject to geographical restrictions. Additionally, online classes could have greater flexibility to fit into your schedule.
However, it's important to note that some organizational psychology programs online may have practicum or other in person requirements. These may be completed at a local facility or through campus visits. Follow up for details.
Hybrid industrial and organizational psychology programs combine aspects of both campus and online options. Students may complete courses online, then participate in short campus visits. Or take both online and on campus courses throughout the semester. This format may be designed several different ways, so be sure to double check details before applying.
Sometimes referred to as business psychologists, industrial organizational psychologists use psychological theories and methods to solve problems in the workplace. They may perform rigorous academic and scientific research and apply psychological principles, and their research findings, to creating and sustaining a happier, healthier, and more effective organization.
An industrial organizational psychologist might work at a company, with a healthcare team at hospitals and clinics or in government. Others may work alone, doing independent research, consulting with clients, or counseling patients.
Psychologists typically need a doctoral degree in psychology to practice, such as a PhD or PsyD. However to become an industrial organizational psychologist, you may only need a masters degree. That said, some may choose to earn a doctorate in organizational psychology degree to expand their knowledge and potentially gain a competitive edge.
Additionally, in most states, practicing psychology or using the title “psychologist” requires licensure. In all states and the District of Columbia, psychologists who practice independently must be licensed where they work.
However licensing laws vary by state and type of position.ii In some cases, industrial organizatinoal psychologists may not need licensure. This may depend on the jursidiction, as well as the specific role and responsibilities. For that reason, it's best to speak with your state board directly.
In 2016, the median annual salary for industrial organizational psychologists was $82,760.iv
Employment of industrial and organizational psychologists is projected to grow 6 percent from 2016 to 2026, about as fast as average for all occupations. However, industrial organizational psychologists are expected to face competition for positions because of the large number of qualified applicants.
Industrial-organizational psychologists with extensive training in quantitative research methods may have a competitive edge.v Look for industrial psychology graduate programs with a strong research component, such as PhD in Industrial Organizational Psychology programs, if this is of interest to you.
Ready to find industrial organizational psychology graduate programs that may fit your needs? Start by browsing the programs on this page. Using the menu, you can also choose any of the program levels to search for masters in organizational psychology programs, PhD industrial organizational psychology programs and certificates.
Or filter by formats for campus based or online organizational psychology programs. You can also filter by state to find schools near you.
Once you have a list that fits your criteria, click on listings to read more about each program, and contact schools directly. All the information is at your fingertips. You could begin to apply to industrial psychology graduate progams today!
Source: [i] bls.gov/ooh/life-physical-and-social-science/psychologists.htm#tab-2 | [ii] bls.gov/ooh/life-physical-and-social-science/psychologists.htm#tab-4 | [iii] bls.gov/ooh/education-training-and-library/postsecondary-teachers.htm#tab-4 | [iv] bls.gov/ooh/life-physical-and-social-science/psychologists.htm#tab-5 | [v] bls.gov/ooh/life-physical-and-social-science/psychologists.htm#tab-6
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