Organizational Psychology Graduate Programs
Industrial Organizational Psychology Graduate Programs (or IO Psychology Programs) help students develop a thorough understanding of human behavior and how it impacts the workplace. Through a combination of psychology and business courses, students may learn to use psychological principles and practices to solve problems in many areas of business. Industrial organizational psychologists may address issues in HR, administration, sales, management, marketing and more.
Industrial and organizational psychology programs may also help students develop research skills and knowledge. They may learn to conduct their own studies and contribute new findings to the field.
IO Psychology, or industrial and organizational psychology, is the application of psychology to organizations. Psychological principles and methods are used to solve problems and improve the quality of work life. This could include issues such as productivity, differing work styles and morale. IO psychology may also inform policy decisions, employee screening or training practices, and strategic development.i
Industrial organizational psychologists could be useful in many different places. Businesses, government agencies, consulting firms and research bodies are just a few examples. Within these organizations, an organizational psychologist might support a wide range of departments and tasks. In brief, industrial organization psychology could play a role anywhere people work together. And earning an industrial organizational psychology degree may prepare you to be part of this process.
How do you know business psychology or industrial organizational psychology programs may be great for you? First consider your interests and goals.
Industrial organizational psychology graduate programs focus not only on the psychology of the workplace from a scientific standpoint, but also on its use to benefit both the organization and its individual members. Specifically, industrial psychology programs focus on the study and application of psychology as it affects workers on a personal level. This could include things like employee reviews, benefits, and the overall work environment.
Organizational psychology programs focus on the effectiveness of the organization as a whole. While graduate programs may focus on both these areas, knowing what aspects of industrial organizational psychology are of interest to you may help to determine your ideal course of study.
Your background may also be a major factor when it comes to selecting industrial organizational psychology programs. Each program may have different admission requirements based on education and professional experience. Additionally, experience may be useful in choosing which area of IO psychology to concentrate on. Each school’s requirements and areas of focus are different, so follow up for details.
Industrial organizational psychology graduate programs combine clinical and organizational psychology courses with business classes. This provides students with a well-rounded base with which to understand and influence dynamics in the workplace. Students may also take classes to develop their research skills and knowledge. While curriculum may vary depending on degree level and program goals, students could expect to take a few of the following classes.
Contact individual industrial and organizational psychology programs for a full course list.
Many industrial psychology graduate programs provide students with ways to learn outside the classroom. If your goal is to pursue industrial organizational psychology research, looking at what opportunities are provided may be crucial. This is especially important for those interested in PhD industrial organizational psychology programs. Research often plays a larger role in doctorate programs, and most have a dissertation requirement. Therefore, it may be a good idea to seek programs with opportunities that align with your interests.
Those starting with masters in organizational psychology programs may also wish to look for chances to gain research experience. This may help you pursue academic and professional opportunities. Plus, it could potentially strengthen your doctorate application if you continue your studies.
If you're more interested in applying research as an industrial organizational psychologist, choosing a program with a greater focus on the real-world may be preferable. Some industrial and organizational psychology programs involve practicums, observation, or other experiences that may be of value. Schools vary so contact them directly for details.
Industrial organizational psychology graduate programs may cover several levels and types of credentials. This may range from graduate certificates to masters or doctorate programs. Each of these could be tailored toward a unique set of academic and professional goals. They may also have varying requirements.
Masters in industrial organizational psychology programs typically require two years of full time study and may result in either a MA or MS degree. Often, MA and MS organizational psychology masters programs are rather similar. However, when they do vary, they may reflect different career and educational goals.
Many MA in industrial psychology programs are geared toward enabling further study. They may act as a stepping stone toward a doctorate and professional research opportunities. As such, many MA industrial psychology programs require the successful completion of a thesis for graduation. MA organizational psychology masters programs also often take a more liberal arts approach to subject matter and may place a heavier emphasis on theory.
A MS program in industrial organizational psychology, on the other hand, may focus more on the practical application of IO psychology. These are often based on a scientist-practitioner model and may focus heavily on applying theory and research in the field. Masters of Science in Organizational Psychology programs may be a great way to pursue management, HR and analytic roles.
In addition to course work, many masters in organizational psychology programs have an internship or practicum component. This may help students to gain experience in the field. Of course every masters in organizational psych0logy program is designed differently, so it's best to review course lists and contact schools for additional informatoin.
Many people pursuing a masters in organizational psychology degree have already obtained bachelors degrees in psychology. However, organizational psychology masters programs may also consider relevant experience, as well as skills that may cross over from other disciplines. Students with undergraduate degrees in different fields may be required to demonstrate a basic level of fluency with psychology or take remedial courses before entry. Contact preferred masters in organizational psychology programs to learn more.
Ph.D. organizational psychology are longer and typically research based. As such, many may have research experience requirements for admission. This experience could be earned while earning a masters in industrial and organizational psychology degree or in a professional setting. In either case, a masters degree from an accredited university may be required.
Earning a PhD in industrial organizational psychology could allow you to conduct you own IO research, both during the program and post graduation. You might also pursue careers teaching at a university or a variety of advanced professional and consulting positions. Typically programs require students to write a dissertation and complete 4 to 6 years of study. Schools vary.
Graduate certificate programs in industrial organizational psychology may be ideal for working professionals looking to expand expertise. These programs are often shorter and have more concentrated course work. Many may be aimed at individuals who have already completed a related graduate program but wish to expand their knowledge in industrial organizational psychology. Others may better suit industrial organizational psychologists and require some professional experience. Every program is different, so contact schools for details.
Choosing the format for your IO psychology program may be a key factor in the success of your education. Schools now offer a variety of options that may fit into your lifestyle. On-campus, online, and hybrid programs may all be available.
Industrial organizational psychology schools, the most traditional option, may be ideal for those who want the community atmosphere of a campus. Many schools have facilties like labs and libraries to enhance the classroom experience. Students may also have the opportunity to participate in research opportunities alongside professors.
Online IO psychology graduate programs may offer a level of convenience perfect for the working professional. Graduate programs situated 100% online may not be subject to geographical restrictions. Additionally, online classes could have greater flexibility to fit into your schedule. It's important to note that some programs may have practicum or other in person requirements. Follow up for details.
Hybrid industrial and organizational psychology programs combine aspects of both campus and online options. Students may complete courses online then participate in short campus visits. Or take both online and on campus courses throughout the semester. This format may be designed several different ways, so be sure to double check details before applying.
Sometimes referred to as business psychologists, industrial organizational psychologists use psychological theories and methods to solve problems in the workplace. They may perform rigorous academic and scientific research and apply psychological principles, and their research findings, to creating and sustaining a happier, healthier, and more effective organization. In 2016, the median annual salary for industrial organizational psychologists was $82,760.iii
Psychologists typically need a doctoral degree in psychology to practice. However to become an industrial organizational psychologist, you may only need a masters degree in psychology.ii That said, some may choose to earn a doctorate in organizational psychology degree to expand their knowledge and potentially gain a competitive edge.
Employment of industrial and organizational psychologists is projected to grow 6 percent from 2016 to 2026, about as fast as average for all occupations. However, industrial organizational psychologists are expected to face competition for positions because of the large number of qualified applicants. Industrial-organizational psychologists with extensive training in quantitative research methods may have a competitive edge.iv Look for industrial psychology graduate programs with a strong research component, such as PhD in Industrial Organizational Psychology programs, if this is of interest to you.
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Source: [i] bls.gov/ooh/life-physical-and-social-science/psychologists.htm#tab-2 | [ii] bls.gov/ooh/life-physical-and-social-science/psychologists.htm#tab-4 | [iii] bls.gov/ooh/life-physical-and-social-science/psychologists.htm#tab-5 | [iv] bls.gov/ooh/life-physical-and-social-science/psychologists.htm#tab-6