Canada Counseling & Mental Health Counseling Graduate Programs
Counseling graduate programs prepare students to help individuals, groups, and families cope with mental health and interpersonal issues, through consultation and professional counseling services. While the majority of programs are practice-based, research focused counseling degree programs may be available. Students could earn masters and doctorate degrees, as well as graduate certificates.
Most graduate programs in counseling offer a blend of courses in research, theory, and intervention strategies. Other topics covered may include lifespan development, abnormal psychology, diagnoses, and ethics. In addition coursework, internships and clinical practicum often prepare graduates to seek licensure in their state.
Potential Counseling Graduate Program Objectives
You may notice that counseling graduate programs tend to have some overlap in terms curriculum and field experience. However, looking closer, you may notice a few different types of programs, which each emphasize different aspects mental health and may work toward slightly different goals.
Counseling programs tend to focus more on lifespan issues (e.g., divorce, relationships, academic problems, etc.) and assessment of those problems. In contrast, clinical programs may address serious mental illness (e.g., depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety, etc.), its assessment, and treatment. When choosing your preferred counseling programs, think carefully about how you’d like to use your degree, and choose a program that aligns closely with these goals.
Below, we’ve listed a few different examples of what this decision process might look like.
- Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) – Students interested in this type of role may be interested in earning their masters degree in psychology, counseling, or counseling psychology. In particular, they might look for masters programs designed to hone individual
- and group counseling skills, and to help students prepare for licensure. You might consider a Master of Arts or Master of Science in Counseling.
- Clinical Mental Health Counselor (LMHC) – Students who aspire to positions in clinical mental health counseling may need to complete a masters degree and several years of supervised clinical work experience. Depending on your objectives and where you live and work, once you earn your masters, you may also want to pursue a doctorate and/or appropriate licensure. You might consider a Master of Arts or Master of Science in Mental Health Counseling.
- Counseling Psychologist – To pursue roles in counseling psychology, you may need to earn a doctorate degree in counseling psychology or a related field from an accredited program. These programs may focus on diagnosing mental health issues and providing individual and group therapy. Programs may also discuss working with patients with serious mental illness such as bipolar disorders. You might consider a PhD or PsyD in Counseling Psychology.
- Counselor Educator or Researcher – Students interested in providing professional development to counselors or performing counseling and psychology research may be interested in a counselor education PhD. These programs combine scholarship with counseling practice, leadership, education, and legal issues in counseling. You might consider a Counselor Education Graduate Program.
- School and Career Counselor – Students interested in providing counseling services to children, teenagers in young adults in education settings may opt for graduate school counseling programs. These programs cover counseling and therapy issues as they relate to the education system, as well as touching on curriculum, learning psychology, and special education law.iiiYou might consider a Master of Science in Counseling with an emphasis in school counseling.
Employment of mental health counselors is projected to grow 20 percent from 2014 to 2024.i
Degrees Offered in Counseling Graduate Programs
In addition to the range of approaches they might take, counseling graduate programs may confer degrees and certificates ranging from masters to doctorate. Within each degree level, several different degree types may be offered, each one emphasizing different approaches to counseling or different aspects of the counseling field.
Below, we’ve broken down several of the options you might consider at each level. Each of these programs may be available in several different formats. These include online graduate programs in counseling, blended counseling programs, and on-campus counseling programs.
Earn a Masters Degree in Counseling
Counseling masters programs typically award either a master of science or master of arts in counseling (abbreviated as MS and MA respectively) to students who successfully complete the program. The differences between these degree types are often nominal or may vary by school.
Masters in counseling programs are usually around 60 credits long, though it might be different at some schools. This means a full-time student might earn a master degree in counseling in about two years. To apply, students usually need a bachelors degree from an accredited university and relevant coursework. This may include subjects like statistics, biological and social bases of behavior, and cognitive psychology. However, specific prerequisites may vary depending on the school and the individual program.
Some counseling and therapy masters programs prepare graduates to pursue state licensure as a therapist or Licensed Mental Health Counselor (LMHC). Other Masters in Counseling programs may not lead to licensure, but may prepare students to pursue a doctoral degree. Make sure to read descriptions carefully to determine which might fit your goals.
In addition to MS and MA Counseling programs, some students might choose more specialized programs, or ones in related subject areas. Here are a few examples.
- Masters in Clinical Mental Health Counseling: Aside from the core counseling courses, Clinical Mental Health Counseling Graduate Programs may dive into topics such as addictions, crisis, and clinical diagnosis. Students usually must complete an internship in counseling and may be able to choose electives.
- Master of Science in Psychology: Masters in Psychology programs may provide another academic route for those who want to pursue a career as a licensed therapist. Some programs may place a great emphasis on cognition, motivation, and clinical research. Students in Psychology Masters programs might choose to focus their studies. Motivation and coaching is one example.
Doctorate in Counseling Programs
A few different types of counseling doctoral programs may be available. In most cases, the degree type offered reflects the goals of that program and the types of professional roles it’s designed to support. Outlined below are a few of the options you might find.
PsyD in Counseling Psychology (Professional Degree)
The Doctor of Psychology in Counseling, often abbreviated as PsyD, is a professional practice degree in the field of psychology. Prerequisites to apply may include a master's degree in counseling, psychology, or related field, and in some cases field experience.
Counseling PsyD programs often require around 85 semester hours to complete. This generally translates to about four years of full-time study, though this may vary depending on the nature of the courses and how the program is designed. This includes coursework, practicum, and pre-doctoral internship. While courses vary between universities, they are likely to first cover topics such as cognitive bases of behavior, patient assessment, ethics, and psychopathology.
Other topics covered may include personality theory, biopsychology, interventions, and other advanced subjects. While in their program, students might also develop high-level research skills. These could be used in a dissertation that demonstrates an original contribution to the field of counseling psychology.
PhD in Counseling Psychology (Research Degree)
Counseling PhD programs are usually research-oriented, and may be appropriate for current or aspiring licensed practitioners as academic and research psychologists.ii Some PhD programs may fit the needs of post-masters licensed counselors who seek professional development. A PhD in General Psychology might entail a deep look at the physical, social, emotional, and cognitive issues that impact human behavior. Students usually choose an area of focus for their PhD. Health psychology, social psychology, and educational psychology are a few examples.
PhD in Counselor Education and Supervision
PhD in Counselor Education and Supervision programs are designed to prepare graduates for potential roles in counselor education, supervision, research, and practice in academic and clinical settings. Courses may cover evidence-based counseling practices, psychopathology, pedagogy, and ethics. Programs may also work to hone leadership and administrative skills.
The emphasis of this degree is typically on research and theory. A pre-internship experience (called a practicum) is usually a key aspect of the program. Some programs require multiple practicums in addition to a dissertation. While program lengths vary, a full-time student might complete their PhD in Psychology in three years post-masters.
Graduate Certificate in Counseling
A Graduate Certificate in Counseling might consist of about 18 credits. These are more concentrated and shorter counseling graduate programs. Some are designed for students who are in or have completed a CACREP-accredited masters degree in counseling and need extra hours to complete the educational requirements for the Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) licensure in their state.
Some counseling certificate programs may either focus on a distinct concentration, or allow students to choose their own elective courses to tailor their education. Several examples include addictions counseling, counseling children and adolescents, or couples and family counseling.
APA and CACREP Accredited Counseling Graduate Programs
Many regionally-accredited graduate schools offer counseling degree programs. Some individual counseling programs and schools also hold professional or program-specific accreditation. CACREP (which stands for The Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs) accredits masters and doctoral programs. The American Psychological Association also accredits counseling psychology doctoral programs.
How to Become a Professional Counselor
Professional counseling is a behavioral health service often regulated at the state level. Though individual states may have differing requirements, professional counselors typically need to hold a masters degree in counseling. Other potential requirements include state-issued license, post-degree supervised clinical practice and a successful outcome on a state recognized exam.i
If this is your goal, some counseling programs may be designed to help prepare you for different types of state licensure. Licensed professional counselors (LPC), licensed mental health counselors (LMHC), school counselors, and counseling psychologists are several possibilities.
Professional Counselor vs Psychologist
Psychologists often perform the similar duties as professional counselors, but they also provide additional psychological services. For instance, they might administer diagnostic tests and consult with MDs about medication for their clients. Another protected title, “licensed psychologist,” is used by counseling psychology professionals who have earned an APA-accredited doctorate in psychology, completed an internship, supervised practice, and passed the Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology.ii
Search for Counseling Graduate Programs
Begin your search for Counseling Graduate Programs with GradSchools.com. Review the sponsored programs here, or use the menu to filter your options. Simply choose the appropriate degree level and format. Then consider the sponsored programs that match your search. Click on the names of programs you’re interested in to contact the schools and request more information.
[i] apa.org/ed/graduate/specialize/counseling.aspx | [ii] bls.gov/ooh/life-physical-and-social-science/psychologists.htm |[iii] apa.org/ed/graduate/specialize/counseling.aspx |[iv] http://calpcc.org/lpcc/ | [v] bls.gov/ooh/community-and-social-service/mental-health-counselors-and-marriage-and-family-therapists.htm | [vi] .bls.gov/ooh/community-and-social-service/rehabilitation-counselors.htm | [vii] apa.org/ed/accreditation/about/index.aspx | [viii] asppb.net |[ix] cswe.org/Accreditation.aspx | [x] cacrep.org
- Quebec, QCQuebec, QC
- Vancouver, BCVancouver, BC
Our Master of Arts in Counselling Psychology (MACP): School and Youth Concentration program prepares students with comprehensive knowledge, skills, and real-world experience for successfully providing therapeutic services for children, adolescents, and th...
- Vancouver, BC
- Lethbridge, ABLethbridge, AB
University of Lethbridge
The PhD in Education is a theory and practice-rich research degree where students will address significant issues and professional practice within a particular concentration:...
- Lethbridge, AB
- Vancouver, BCVancouver, BC
University of British Columbia
UBC Counselling Psychology offers MA, MED and PHD degrees.
- Sherbrooke, PESherbrooke, PE
Université de Sherbrooke
French Language Program...
- Toronto, ONToronto, ON
University of Toronto
The Counselling Psychology Program is designed to provide critical and scholarly skills in counselling and counsellor...
- Saskatoon, SKSaskatoon, SK
University of Saskatchewan
Programs are general in nature with specialty courses available. M.Ed. and Special Case Ph.D. programs require the completion of a ten month practicum...
- Calgary, ABCalgary, AB
University of Calgary
- Fredericton, NBFredericton, NB
University of New Brunswick - Fredericton
The Faculty of Education at UNB offers its Master of Education degree in a number of areas including: Adult Education; Curriculum Studies; Counseling...
- Langley, BCLangley, BC
Trinity Western University
A two-year MA degree program offering two tracks: Community Counseling and School Counseling.
- Burnaby, BCBurnaby, BC
Simon Fraser University
It is offered to students interested in careers as counsellors in schools, colleges, and community agencies.