Biology Graduate Programs | Biological Sciences
Biology graduate programs span courses of study that might lead to a graduate certificate, Master of Science (MS) and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Biology degrees. Most often available through a university’s Department of Biology or Biological Sciences, it is common for graduate biology programs to have specific research interests. These could include water science, neuroscience, cancer research or infectious diseases among others. It may be helpful to look for a program where one’s own interests are mirrored. Or, where it is possible to expand a point of view.
What Is the Biological Sciences?
Biology graduate programs explore biology as a multidisciplinary science – ‘biological sciences’. As the ‘study of life’, biology has many facets. Hence, the biology major may cover several key areas.
Some graduate programs in biology address human biology and development. Others might cover molecular and cell biology, microbiology, and immunology. Or, programs that cover diversity and the ecology might highlight evolutionary biology, plants and organisms.
DID YOU KNOW?
When surveyed, 33% of Biological Sciences Professors reported they had a Masters degree, 47% a Doctoral degree, 17% Post-doctoral training.i
An Overview of Biology Graduate Programs
Many biology graduate programs format their programs with core courses and concentrations. An area of emphasis may provide the basis for cross-disciplinary research and alliance with other disciplines such as mathematics or engineering. Or, they might help a graduate student to prepare professionally for a targeted career path such as biotechnology.
Popular Biology Graduate Programs
Master of Science in Health Sciences in Molecular Diagnostic Science
Master of Science in Biology
Master of Science in Biological Sciences
Master of Science in Green Chemistry
Master of Science in Molecular & Cell Biology
Master of Science in Human Anatomy & Physiology Instruction
Doctor of Philosophy in Molecular Bioscience
Doctor of Philosophy in Biology
Doctor of Philosophy in Molecular & Cell Biology
Doctor of Philosophy in Genetics
Doctor of Philosophy in Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Biology Graduate Program Requirements
Some biology graduate schools encourage students to check off one or two areas of interest in their application. They might also suggest that an applicant list potential faculty mentors whose research interests them on their form.
Other required materials vary between schools. For instance, some require PhD candidates to have a MS degree, while other graduate programs in biology might admit students with their Bachelors and a strong research background.
Types of Biology Graduate Programs
Some Biology Graduate programs offer both MS, PhD and Certificate options. Students might want to earn a graduate degree in biology and at the same time, pursue an area of interest. Others might want to focus more exclusively on a specific category. Biochemistry, Cell and Molecular Biology, and Genetics and Genomics are three examples.
Biology Masters Programs
Most Masters in Biology programs may be completed in about two to three years of full-time study. Also, within some universities, students who pursue their MS may be able to apply these credits to a subsequent PhD program. Biology Masters programs often get students started in their research early on and build coursework around these efforts.
While topics vary from school to school, students might study the following topics while working toward their masters degree in Biology.
- Molecular Biology
- Cell and developmental biology
- Behavior and Ethnology
- Population Biology
Certainly, one way to land on a great biology graduate program for your needs is to examine both course syllabi and research opportunities within each program. Contact an admission advisor to learn more.
Biology Masters Programs Admission Requirements
Admissions to Biology Masters programs may require a Bachelor of Science in a biological science or a related science, from an accredited school. Applicants may also need a minimum 3.0 GPA and prerequisite course credits in general biology, cell biology, molecular genetics, general chemistry, organic chemistry with laboratory, physics with laboratory; and mathematics beyond pre-calculus.
Other application material might include a personal statement, previous laboratory experience, work history and referral letters.
Masters Degree in Biology: Thesis or Non-Thesis?
Aside from coursework, students may have the option to pursue a thesis or not while earning a biology masters degree. The thesis option is often recommended for those who intend to pursue a career in research, or continue their studies at the doctoral level. Students who do not work towards a thesis may have to prepare a library research paper.
In both cases, the course of study might include biostatistics, gross anatomy, human physiology, labs, biological research. Apart from their core courses, students may be able to pursue a minor (such as business administration), or earn a masters degree in Biology with a specific track (such as neuroscience). These options may require additional classes in a given area and allow students to further tailor their biology degree.
Graduate Certificate in Biology Programs
Graduate Certificate in Biology programs are post-masters course of study that may help students refine their expertise or add-onto their credentials. For instance, a Graduate Biology Certificate might be designed for those who want to meet regional or state requirements to teach community college biology courses.
Or, a certificate may be intended to help current scientists. While they may already have an extensive background, they may need to learn specific bioinformatics (or other) skills to design experiments and analyze data. In most cases, students follow a sequence of about five or six courses (about 15 to 18 credit hours).
PhD in Biology Programs
As a terminal degree, the PhD in biology is a research-focused program. Many schools provide advanced courses and recent research in current life science disciplines. Genetics, cell and developmental biology, biochemistry, microbiology, physiology, pharmacology, molecular ecology and immunology are a few examples.
Some PhD programs may be completed in as few as four years for full-time students, although the typical completion time is five to six years.
Phd Biology Admission Requirements
Application requirements to Biology PhD programs vary. Some students enter a PhD program after they have earned a Bachelor in Biology or Chemistry. Others have masters level experience. Aside from transcripts of graduate and undergraduate coursework, GRE scores, letters of recommendation, a resume, a personal statement may be needed.
PhD in Biology Coursework and Dissertation
Most PhD in Biology programs consist of two phases: foundation coursework and dissertation research. In between, students take a comprehensive exam. In addition to classes and seminars, PhD students conduct research through their faculty’s programs.
Or, their research might be in collaboration with local biotechnology, pharmaceutical or academic institutions.
Biochemistry Graduate Programs
Students who want to focus their study on topics such as gene regulation, DNA, cancer biology or hormone actions might pursue a PhD, MD/PhD or MS in Biochemistry. Biochemistry graduate programs often include degrees in Science, Math and Engineering, Chemical Engineering and Developmental Biology.
Cell and Molecular Biology Graduate Programs
Cell and Molecular Biology graduate programs often span PhD, MD/PhD and MS degrees. Programs in this category may provide learners with the chance to investigate molecular genetics, bacterial pathogens and vaccine development.
Also, programs often focus in on current research in neuroscience and diseases such as Alzheimer’s and glaucoma.
Genetics and Genomics Graduate Programs
Genetics and Genomics graduate programs explore molecular biology and related disciplines. Students might receive a broad education in biochemistry, bioinformatics, cell biology and epigenetics. Many programs of this nature lead to a PhD, although programs in genetic counseling might offer Master of Science degrees.
Potential Careers With a Biology Degree
Biology graduate students might pursue a variety of career paths in the life sciences, dependent on the level of their education and other factors. Some students may go onto medical school. Those who want to pursue a career in independent research and development generally pursue a PhD.ii This is typically the case for postsecondary Biology teachers as well.iii
Other possible career choices might include:
- Biochemists ii
- Molecular Biology Directoriv
- Environmental Analystv
- Marine Biologistv
- Clinical Molecular Genetics Laboratory Directorvii
- Medical Geneticistvii
Find Accredited Biology Graduate Programs
Many regionally-accredited universities offer biology graduate degrees. Some individual programs may also be approved by a professional outside agency. You can contact indivdiual graduate programs in biology to learn about their accreditation status.
GradSchools.com offers 1,645 Biology Degree Programs
Do you prefer the convenience of an online biology graduate program or the contact of a campus-based one? Filter your search to find schools in a city, state or county. Further refine your process by degree level – MS, PhD or Certificate. Take the next step here!
[i] onetonline.org/link/summary/25-1042.00 |[ii] bls.gov/ooh/life-physical-and-social-science/biochemists-and-biophysicists.htm |[iii] bls.gov/ooh/education-training-and-library/postsecondary-teachers.htm |[iv] onetonline.org/link/summary/19-1029.02 |[v] onetonline.org/link/summary/19-1020.01 |[vi] onetonline.org/link/summary/19-1029.01 |[vii] onetonline.org/link/summary/19-1029.03 |[viii] bls.gov/ooh/life-physical-and-social-science/microbiologists.htm
- Jeddah, Saudi ArabiaJeddah, Saudi Arabia
King Abdullah University of Science & Technology
Bioscience program focuses on Adaptive Biology or the study of the mechanisms that allow organisms to adapt to their environment...
- Nashville, TNNashville, TN
Meharry Medical College
The doctoral program at Meharry leads to an interdisciplinary Ph.D. focused on molecular approaches for research and research training.
- Tokyo, JapanTokyo, Japan
Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
- Sapporo, JapanSapporo, Japan
- Milwaukee, WIMilwaukee, WI
Medical College of Wisconsin
MCW’s Cell & Developmental Biology PhD program provides research opportunities in the areas of mitochondrial gene expression, neurobiology, neurodegeneration, ocular biology, and organ development, among many more...
- Milwaukee, WI
- Rheinbach, GermanyRheinbach, Germany
Bonn-Rhein-Sieg University of Applied Sciences
- Baoding, ChinaBaoding, China
- Bemidji, MNBemidji, MN
Bemidji State University
Program reflects the range/depth of biol sub-disciplines and broadens students' horizons...
- Tokyo, JapanTokyo, Japan
- Oita, JapanOita, Japan
- Kingston, NSKingston, NS
Queen's University, Ontario, Canada
The Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology at Queen’s University offers programs leading to Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. For students interested in pursuing a teaching career, the M.Sc. in Anatomical Sciences is designed to edu...
- Thunder Bay, ONThunder Bay, ON
A program of graduate study leading to the M.Sc. degree is offered in the Department of Biology within the Faculty of Science and Environmental Studie...
Mississippi State University
A 33 hour program with genetics, ecology, microbiology, and biotechnology courses, all online except the final 10 day capstone.
- Mississippi State, MS
- Rochester, MNRochester, MN
Mayo Graduate School
Emphasis is on research. MD-PhD program also available in conjunction with Mayo Medical School.
- Pittsburg, KSPittsburg, KS
Pittsburg State University
The Biology Department at Pittsburg State University offers a Master of Science degree with a Major in Biology.
- Taipei, TaiwanTaipei, Taiwan
National Taiwan University
Currently there are 10 professors, 4 associate professors, 3 assistant professors in IEEB. The research interests of IEEB’s faculty range from genes to ecosystems, which include chemical and physiological ecology, population and community ecology, anima...