Canada Geography Masters Programs
Geography masters programs teach students the study of the people and places on the planet. Geography is commonly called the “mother of all sciences”. This is because geography's disciplines include: anthropology, geology, and astronomy developed from this initial area of study. Geology is divided into two branches. Physical geography, the study of the earth’s structure: land, air, water, and living inhabitants. And, cultural geography which explores human impact on earth.
Interested individuals can choose between earning a masters in geography or a Ph.D. in geography. Online geography graduate programs may be a good option for those needing flexibility in their academic schedule.
Prospective applicants to a masters in geography program should ideally possess the following characteristics:
- Fascinated by science and life on earth
- Curious about the interplay between people and environment
- Strong math skills
Geography Masters Programs Application Process
Applicants who anticipate studying physical geography may benefit from experience with biology, geology, or climatology. Those interested in cultural geography might benefit from coursework in social sciences. GRE scores, letters of recommendation, a personal statement, and TOEFL scores, if applicable, are general requirements for admission.
Masters in Geography Program Curriculum
Before applying to any geography masters programs, it is important to identify an area of concentration. Are you drawn to physical or cultural geography? Do you anticipate studying a particular region in-depth? Do you want to become knowledgeable in geographic technologies? The following is a partial list of geography sub-disciplines to consider:
- Biophysical geography
- Economic geography
- Medical geography
- Natural resource geography
GIS Masters Programs
Coursework for graduate degrees in geography will differ by school and area of concentration. Some common courses include:
- Geographic information systems
- Biogeography and conservation
- Fluvial forms and processes
- Markets and nature
- Land and landscape
- Geography and social theory
- Natural disasters
Geography masters programs can take two to three years to complete, and often requires a thesis, while the Ph.D. can take five to seven years and involves a dissertation based on original research.
Resources for Geographers
There are many professional organizations for geography professionals. The Geographic Information Systems Certification Institute (GISCI) offers geographers professional certification, in geographic information systems. The GISCI certification considerations include but are not limited to; level of education, coursework taken, conferences attended, professional experience, publications, awards received, volunteer efforts, and other contributions to the field.
Geography Career Paths
Geography may lend itself to a wide variety of career paths. While many geographers find work in the government, others work at environmental agencies. Those familiar with geography technologies such as GIS may be qualified for positions at telecommunications firms and utility companies. Urban planning, cartography, and climatology may also be options for those with graduate degrees in geography. This specialized knowledge could also lead to a career as a science writer or editor.
Geography Future Job Outlook
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, geographers are projected to enjoy a 29% increase in job growth between 2012 and 2022. This growth can be attributed to an increased need on the part of certain agencies for maps or imaging of land structures, as well as the ongoing need to repair infrastructure.
Geographer Salary Potential
In 2012 the median annual salary for geographers was $74,760, the top 10% of earners made more than $103,870, while the bottom 10% of earners made less than $41,910, according to BLS reports.
The BLS also states employment for cartographers and photogrammetrists is anticipated to rise by 20% from 2012 to 2022. The median annual wage of a cartographer or photogrammetrists in 2012 was $57,440. Surveyors are expected to see 10% job growth from 2012 to 2022. The median annual salary of a surveyor in 2012 was $56,230.
The graph below provides 2012 median salary information for geographers, cartographers, and surveyors in select industries.
- Hamilton, ONHamilton, ON
- Kingston, NSKingston, NS
Queen's University, Ontario, Canada
The Department of Geography at Queen’s University offers a comprehensive graduate program in Human Geography, Earth Systems Science, and Geographic Information Systems, based on innovative research and strong collaboration between faculty and graduate s...
- Montreal, QCMontreal, QC
The Department has laboratories for the analyses of soils, sediments, paleoecology, and remote sensing, as well as Geographic Information Systems. Within physical geography, research interests include development, economic,historical, polar, and urban g...
- Ottawa, ONOttawa, ON
University of Ottawa
- Guelph, ONGuelph, ON
University of Guelph
- Waterloo, QCWaterloo, QC
Wilfrid Laurier University
Graduates are expected to have acquired autonomy in their ability to teach, conduct research and prepare scholarly publications.
- Ottawa, ONOttawa, ON
- Winnipeg, MBWinnipeg, MB
University of Manitoba
The Master of Arts (Geography) is the logical progression for graduates from a Bachelor of Arts program. However, students interested in Physical Geography, who do not wish to pursue the Master of Science (Environment and Physical Geography) may also en...
- Winnipeg, MB
- Saskatoon, SKSaskatoon, SK
University of Saskatchewan
- Lethbridge, ABLethbridge, AB
University of Lethbridge
The Master of Science program offers students in a wide range of disciplines the opportunity to earn a master’s degree by writing a thesis and successfully completing a limited number of courses.
- North York, ONNorth York, ON
We are one of Canada’s leading Geography programs. This program’s recognized strength is in both biophysical processes and in critical human geography. Your fellow students are engaged in fieldwork from the High Arctic to the Himalayas, as well as in...
- Waterloo, QCWaterloo, QC
University of Waterloo
The departments of geography at the University of Waterloo and Wilfrid Laurier university jointly offer graduate work in Geography.
- London, ONLondon, ON
University of Western Ontario
Geography seeks to understand places - on both natural and human environments - the forces that shaped them, the problems that they are facing and alternatives to maintain or improve them.
- Quebec, QCQuebec, QC
- Toronto, ONToronto, ON
University of Toronto
The Department of Geography at the University of Toronto is the oldest, one of the largest and one of the most exciting departments in Canada.
- Vancouver, BCVancouver, BC
University of British Columbia
- St. John's, NFSt. John's, NF
Memorial University of Newfoundland
The Department of Geography offers graduate thesis-based programs leading to the MA, MSc, and PhD. Research is conducted within the fields of cartography, climatology, conservation, cultural, historical, and economic geography, geographic information sy...
- Calgary, ABCalgary, AB
University of Calgary
- Moncton, NBMoncton, NB
Université de Moncton
We are the largest Francophone (french) University outside of the province of Qu#eacute;bec in Canada.