English as a Second Language (ESL) is a type of educational approach in which students have learned functional English as a second language but who may have different home or native languages. These students are taught techniques and programs that encourage the development of English skills and academic knowledge. English Language Learners (ELLs) are students who do not have English as a primary language, are in the process of learning English, and who generally require specialized instruction in the English language and in their academic classes.
In bilingual education, academic programs and literacy are taught in two languages. Most bilingual education programs teach English and Spanish, although another language like French or Mandarin may be taught instead of Spanish. The idea is to further English fluency and academic language simultaneously. English as a Second Language (ESL) is for students who already know some English but who may speak a native language while at home. ESL students engage in programs that foster academic knowledge and English skills.
While ESL or English as Second Language students may be English language learners with home environments in other native languages, English to Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) programs seek to enhance English proficiency in listening, speaking, reading, and writing for students who do not know English as their primary language.
While an English as a Second Language (ESL) student may be able to communicate in English as a second language and is working on expanding his or her English knowledge, Limited English Proficiency learners (LEPs) are not fluent in the English language and they may have difficulties with reading or speaking English. Interpreters might be used to help translate to and from an LEP’s native language.
TEFL stands for Teaching English as a Foreign Language, such as overseas where the primary language is not English. A TEFL certificate is a way for educators to teach in certain foreign environments and be certified. English as a Second Language (ESL) is teaching English in an English speaking country when it is not a student’s primary language.
EFL stands for English as a Foreign Language. An example might be an English teacher who teaches English to students who speak their own native language in a non-English speaking country. An educator who lives and teaches English in an English speaking country, like the United States, is teaching English as a Second Language (ESL).
While requirements vary depending on the employer and a specific job, an educator who wants to teach English as a Second Language (ESL). TESOL certification may be earned by completing a graduate level program that generally takes two to four semesters to complete1. The credits might be able to be applied to a master’s degree.
English as a Second Language (ESL) refers to teachers who are educating people within the United States who do not speak English as a primary language and who are learning English as a second language. Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) may be an umbrella term for educators who teach non-native English speakers, regardless of whether they are teaching ESL or EFL.
There are typically differences between ESL and English classes. Educators who teach English as a Second Language (ESL) may address reading and listening skills, grammar and composition, language acquisition, and cross cultural issues with their students. English educators may adhere to literature, literary theory and criticism, and composition, without actively teaching another language.
While English as Second Language (ESL) educators teach students whose primary language is not English and who have had past English educational opportunities, English Literacy Development (ELD) programs are geared for students whose first language isn’t English or whose English is different than English used in schools.