Masters in Counseling Programs
Masters in Counseling Programs center on a range of counseling modalities, working with different patient populations, and even new and established best therapy techniques. Courses may touch on giving career advice; coping with tragedy, trauma, or loss; addiction, abuse, mental illness, or physical disability.
Earning a masters degree in counseling is also an essential top step on the path to licensure as a licensed professional counselor (LPC) or licensed marriage and family therapist (LMFT) in the United States, meaning some programs are designed to support that goal.i With the different paths to choose in the field of Counseling and Therapy, it is important to evaluate each graduate program against your interests and ambitions.
What Is A Masters in Counseling?
Masters in Counseling and Therapy degrees help aspiring counselors and therapists develop the knowledge base and methodology they need to help their patients in individual or group counseling settings. This could include people with emotional or behavioral problems, people suffering from mental health disorders, or people coping with major life changes. In many cases, a masters of counseling curriculum might touch on the needs of a range of patient types. However, some counseling masters programs may instead allow students to focus on one specific area of need.
Prospective applicants to a Counseling Master’s Program typically include a Bachelor’s degree in a related field, GPA scores set by the university, personal essay, reference letters, MAT or GRE scores, and possibly, liability insurance. That being said, some colleges offer a dual degree program where students can earn a Bachelor’s and a Master’s in 5 years.ii Earning a Master’s degree in counseling is part of a longer process towards state licensure. Most Counseling Masters Programs take about 2 years of full-time study to complete.
Potential Counseling Coursework
While specific courses are likely to vary between universities and programs, the topics covered and the experiences offered may remain somewhat consistent. For example, in addition to in classroom learning, students may complete both lab work and clinical training through practicum and internship opportunities. This may especially be the case if the program is designed to prepare students for potential licensure.
Here are a few examples of the types of courses and topics you’re likely to find in various counseling masters programs.
- Counseling theories
- Communication techniques
- Prevention and crisis intervention
- Social Policy
- Human Services and delivery
- Diagnostics, Assessment and treatment
- Professional counseling orientation
- Mental health issues
- Professional ethics
- Research methodology
- Human development
- Interpersonal relationships
DID YOU KNOW?
93% of School Counselor hold a Master’s degree, 4% a Post-master’s certificate. This group includes Career Counselors and College Counselors.iii
Types of Counseling Masters Programs
Counseling Masters Programs typically confer either a Master of Arts (M.A.) or Master of Science (M.S.) in Counseling. The completion of either degree is typically a prerequisite for the licensing process. In many cases, the words counseling, therapy, and psychotherapy may be used interchangeably to professions with similar licensure requirements. As such, masters programs using these terms may also share a great deal. However, to practice as a licensed psychologist has different requirements, meaning psychology and counseling psychology masters programs are also likely to be different. iv
Master of Arts in Counseling
The Master of Arts in Counseling is often a more general counseling degree. It is typically chosen by students who prefer research and teaching, or as a stepping-stone to a Ph.D. in Counseling. To apply, students typically need to hold a bachelor’s degree in a related field, or in some cases sufficient related coursework. Often this track culminates in the completion of a thesis or research project.
Master of Science in Counseling
Master of Science in Counseling Programs are often chosen by students aiming for clinical practice, meaning they might be seeking licensure. They may also want to work in a specialized counseling practice, focused on areas like substance abuse, family and relationships, trauma, or mental health. As a result, M.S. programs may tend to be more focused, and include more science and math courses.
Applicants typically need to hold a bachelors in a related field. MS Counseling programs may either culminate in either a thesis or internship experience, depending on the goals of the program.
Areas of Concentration in Masters in Counseling Programs
Many students pursuing a masters degree in counseling enter their program specific goals in mind, for example working with certain types of patients. Students like this may prefer a program that helps them to prepare specific skill sets related to that goal. Counseling masters programs may facilitate this by offering a range of unique specializations or concentration areas. Some examples include:v
- Counseling psychology
- Substance abuse counseling
- Marriage and family therapy
- Art therapy
- Rehabilitation counseling
Counseling Masters Program Formats
Because Counseling Masters Programs serve students from all different backgrounds, learning styles, and levels of experience, they may also offer a range of program formats to accommodate those needs. Several options you may consider are described below.
- Online Masters in Counseling: Also referred to as distance learning, earning a masters in counseling online could be a convenient option for working students who need to balance their education and career. These programs use technology to offer the support and interpersonal interaction students may need in a portable, flexible format.
- On Campus Counseling Masters Programs: Earning your counseling masters degree in a graduate school setting means having access to all the resources that campus might offer. That could include hands-on experience in labs and simulated work settings, research materials and guidance, and even using the connections your program may have in the local community to land that counseling internship.
- Hybrid or Blended Counseling Masters Programs: A combination of online and campus-based learning, these programs offer a compromise between the two formats. By studying in a blended program you could get the flexibility you need without giving up on the perks of being associated with a campus community.
Apart from considering their preferred format and type masters in counseling program, students may also prioritize program accreditation, since this is a measure of quality against industry standards. In fact, some employers prefer to hire graduates of a CACREP accredited counseling program.vo The Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs accredits masters and doctoral degree programs in counseling and these related specialties:viii
- Addictions counseling
- Career counseling
- Clinical mental health counseling
- Marriage, couple and family counseling
- School counseling
- Student affairs and college counseling
What Can I Do With A Masters Degree in Counseling?
Students graduating with a masters of counseling often aspire provide counseling services to patients in private practice settings. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the job outlook in this profession is favorable. For example, for mental health counselors and marriage and family therapists, projected growth from 2016 to 2026 at 20%.ix
To become a licensed counselor, you must be licensed in the United States.While the specifics may vary between states, listed below are some example licensure requirements for counselors across the country. i
- A master’s degree in counseling
- 2,000 to 4,000 hours of post degree supervised clinical experience, sometimes referred to as an internship or residency
- Passing a state-recognized exam
- Maintaining the credential by completing annual continuing education classes
Find Masters in Counseling Programs
Whether you want to earn your masters in therapy, or in clinical mental health counseling, an array of options may be at your fingertips. Let GradSchools.com help you start the search! Either start reviewing sponsored program listings right here, or narrow down your options using the menu. You could select your preferred program format and even location. Click on the names of programs that sound interesting to read more and get in touch.
[i] bls.gov/ooh/community-and-social-service/mental-health-counselors-and-marriage-and-family-therapists.htm |[ii] bls.gov/ooh/community-and-social-service/rehabilitation-counselors.htm[iii] onetonline.org/link/summary/21-1012.00 |[iv] bls.gov/ooh/life-physical-and-social-science/psychologists.htm |[v] en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Master_of_Counselling |[vi] bls.gov/ooh/community-and-social-service/mental-health-counselors-and-marriage-and-family-therapists.htm |[vii] cacrep.org/for-students/ |[viii] bls.gov/ooh/education-training-and-library/postsecondary-teachers.htm |[ix] bls.gov/ooh/community-and-social-service/mental-health-counselors-and-marriage-and-family-therapists.htm | bls.gov/ooh/community-and-social-service/substance-abuse-behavioral-disorder-and-mental-health-counselors.htm
- Sydney, AustraliaSydney, Australia
University of Sydney
- Houston, TXHouston, TX
University of Houston
- Bowling Green, KYBowling Green, KY
Western Kentucky University
This program is directed toward developing the skills required for working with children, youth and adults who may be in need of counseling environmen...
- Pensacola, FLPensacola, FL
University of West Florida
The Master of Arts in Psychology (M.A.) program provides a strong understanding of the biological bases of behavior, social bases of behavior, acquired bases of behavior and individual bases of behavior. This program is designed to help students develo...
- Pensacola, FL
- Huntington, INHuntington, IN
This program focuses on counseling with a biblical emphasis.
- Perth, AustraliaPerth, Australia
The Master of Counselling – Health Sciences is nationally accredited by the Psychotherapists and Counsellors Federation of Australia (PACFA). The Graduate Diploma in Counselling constitutes the first year of this two year professional counselling master...
- Warrensburg, MOWarrensburg, MO
University of Central Missouri
This program is designed to provide the academic preparation for students who desire to work as professional counselors in elementary and secondary sc...
- Palmerston North, New ZealandPalmerston North, New Zealand
- Montclair, NJMontclair, NJ
Montclair State University
Counseling programs in both the public and private sectors, corporate and business training and organizational development...
- Montclair, NJ
- London, United KingdomLondon, United Kingdom
This programme prepares trainees for chartered status as a counselling psychologist with the British Psychological Society (BPS). All candidates must have the graduate basis for registration (GBR) of the BPS, a 2:1 degree in psychology, and experience o...
- Wichita Falls, TXWichita Falls, TX
Midwestern State University
- Garland, TXGarland, TX
The Master of Arts (M.A.) degree in Counseling is designed for persons interested in becoming Licensed Professional Counselors (L.P.C.) in the State o...
- Macau, MacaoMacau, Macao
University of Macau
- Flagstaff, AZFlagstaff, AZ
Northern Arizona University
This degree is designed to prepare professional counselors in community mental health settings as applied general practitioners.
- Portland, ORPortland, OR
Lewis & Clark College
Lewis & Clark's nationally recognized programs prepare you to foster effective counseling relationships in the community.
- Prairie View, TXPrairie View, TX
Prairie View A & M University
- Scranton, PAScranton, PA
The Marywood University Educational Specialist (Ed.S.) Program in School Psychology is interdisciplinary in nature and is intended for students who seek state certification as a K-12, school psychologist. ...
- Scranton, PA
- Columbia, KYColumbia, KY
Lindsey Wilson College
The program is a 60 hour degree meeting educational requirements for national and state licensure/certification. The graduate program is regionally an...
- Houston, TXHouston, TX
Houston Baptist University
Houston Baptist University's Master of Arts in Psychology (MAP)prepares students for careers in counseling-related fields by offering advanced prepara...
- Port Elizabeth, South AfricaPort Elizabeth, South Africa
Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University
Candidates for the MA degrees (Clinical, Counselling, Academic/Research Psychology) must have obtained an Honours degree in Psychology and be register...
- Nairobi, KenyaNairobi, Kenya
United States International University/AIU
This program provides the basic training for a counseling career in the helping,professions.
- Kelvin Grove, AustraliaKelvin Grove, Australia
Queensland University of Technology
- Milligan College, TNMilligan College, TN
The MSC program prepares graduates to take the TN licensure exam to become a licensed practicing counselor.