The CMB Program offers interdisciplinary research education and training opportunities that lead to a Ph.D. In this setting, students learn to integrate across concepts and to use multiple approaches to study contemporary biological problems. Students have access to state-of-the-art facilities and equipment in faculty laboratories and core facilities around campus. The CMB program prepares students for careers in academia and private industry. All graduates of the program have obtained permanent positions in their field or are engaged in postdoctoral training. The CMB degree requirements include a series of required CMB core courses; additional elective courses; written and oral preliminary examinations; a doctoral dissertation based on independent, original research in the area of cellular and molecular biology under the direction of a CMB faculty member; and an oral defense of the dissertation. CMB faculty members are recognized and respected nationally and internationally for contributions to their fields of study. They are drawn from 10 academic departments, including Animal Sciences, Chemistry and Molecular Biology, Biological Sciences, Cereal and Food Sciences, Entomology, Health, Nutrition, and Exercise Sciences, Pharmaceutical Sciences, Plant Pathology, Plant Sciences, and Veterinary and Microbiological Sciences. With the interdisciplinary nature of the program, you can look forward to working closely with not just one but many faculty members at NDSU. Students may engage in basic and applied aspects of cellular and molecular biology research in various systems, including animals, plants, and microorganisms. Examples of current research by CMB faculty include Adaptation to environmental stress, Assistive reproductive technology, Apoptosis, Cancer, Cell-cell communication, Cell cycle regulation, Cell metabolism, Cytogenetics, Drug action and metabolism, Enzymology and metabolic regulation, Extracellular matrix, Gene regulation and expression, Hormone biosynthesis, metabolism, and evolution, Immunology, Molecular pathogenesis, Protein structure and function, Signal transduction, and Stem cells and developmental processes. The Cellular and Molecular Biology Ph.D. program is open to qualified graduates of universities and colleges of recognized standing. If possible, applicants should identify at least one cellular and molecular biology faculty member with whom they wish to study. The following undergraduate courses have been identified as required for graduate work in the CMB program: Biology: One year of general biology with laboratory and one course in genetics are required. Cellular biology or cellular physiology, animal or plant physiology, and microbiology are recommended; Chemistry: One year of general chemistry with laboratory and two sequential terms of organic chemistry with laboratory are required. Biochemistry is recommended; Mathematics: Two terms of life sciences calculus are required; Physics: Two sequential terms of general physics with laboratories (above the concept level) are required. In addition, introductory courses in computer science, statistics, and technical writing are recommended. Deficiencies in required courses may be made up within the first year of resident study without graduate credit. Financial support, if required, is usually provided by the department in which the student will carry out research. In reviewing each application, the Steering Committee will contact the faculty member(s) identified by the applicant to determine if financial support is available. Students seeking financial support also can contact either the CMB faculty member(s) with whom they wish to study or the chair of the CMB Steering Committee. This interdisciplinary graduate program is administered by the CMB Steering Committee. The committee is composed of five CMB faculty members representing five different academic departments. Steering Committee members, who serve overlapping three-year terms, are elected at a yearly meeting of the CMB faculty. The duties of the Steering Committee include review of each CMB student's plan of study, proposed research topic, and general progress; review of applications for membership in the CMB faculty; and implementation of the CMB program by established procedures.