The Department of Biological Sciences offers graduate study leading to the following M.S. and Ph.D. degrees. Independent research under the direction of a faculty advisor is a major component of all of these programs (excepting certain of the Masters degrees which have a non-thesis or literature-research option).
Graduate-degree candidates conduct research under the guidance of the Biological Sciences faculty. The expertise of the faculty covers a broad spectrum, ranging from molecular and cell biology, through system- and organism-level biology, to ecology; and it applies to a diversity of organisms from protists and lower plants and invertebrate animals through vascular plants and vertebrates. By choosing a faculty advisor, graduate applicants can associate themselves with any of a number of research specializations:
Animal Behavior and Behavioral Ecology, including chronobiology, feeding behavior, foraging, host plant selection, reproductive behavior, behavior and endocrinology of birds, migration and predator-prey interactions.
Applied Biology, including biochemistry and biology of wood decay, biological control and insect pest management, fisheries, plant pathology, and toxicology.
Botany, Plant Biology, Mycology, including plant and fungal systematics, molecular and morphological phylogeny, reproductive biology, quantitative morphology, plant ecology, marine algal ecology, plant paleoecology, plant physiology, physiology and ecology of nitrogen fixation, microscopy of zoosporic fungi, mycology, and physiology and molecular biology of fungal pathogens.
Developmental and Cell Biology, including cell biology and physiology of bone cells, developmental genetics, embryology, and neurobiology.
Ecology and Environmental Biology, including aquatic, community, insect, plant, and wetland ecology; biogeochemistry; biodiversity; conservation biology; limnology; population dynamics; population modeling; and Quaternary paleoecology.
Entomology, including insect ecology and biodiversity, insect pathology, biological control and insect pest management, ecology of aquatic insects, forest entomology, and predator- prey interactions, pollination ecology, computer simulation of insect population dynamics.
Fisheries Biology, including ecology and behavior of fishes, toxicology, fish population ecology, ecology of intertidal fishes, salmonid biology, and aquaculture.
Freshwater Biology, including toxicology, ecology and behavior of fishes, stream and river ecology, paleolimnology, and wetland biology.
Genetics and Molecular Biology, including behavioral genetics, molecular systematics, pathogen-plant interactions, and plant virology.
Plant Pathology, including biochemistry and biology of wood decay, and pest management.
Physiology and Physiological Ecology, including environmental physiology of marine invertebrates, fungal physiology, insect-plant interactions, pathogen-plant interactions, nitrogen fixation, endocrine physiology and systemic physiology.
Systematics and Evolution, including microevolution, phylogenetics of plants, fungi, and invertebrates, comparative morphology, plant anatomy.
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