The nutritional sciences are concerned with the process by which living matter acquires substances called nutrients for growth, repair and energy, but the science of nutrition is better defined as being concerned with understanding the effects of food on the body in both health and disease. It is a subject that requires a multidisciplinary approach. Although nutritional deficiency disorders, with the notable exception of iron deficiency anaemia, are uncommon among the UK population, the importance of nutrition is now widely recognised as being of immense public health importance. It plays a major role in the causation of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and cancer, especially of the gastrointestinal tract. However, there is still much to learn concerning the regulation of nutritional metabolism and the relationship between diet and health.
Current research at King's is concerned with identifying dietary factors that are associated with increased risk of chronic disease and understanding the metabolic basis for diet related disease.