France Doctoral Degrees and PhD Programs
What is a Doctorate Degree?
A Doctorate, or Doctoral Degree, is the highest level of academic degree awarded by a university. A doctorate typically signifies that the individual is qualified to teach at the post-secondary level or work in a specific field of profession.
There are two major types of doctoral degrees; the research-oriented degree, and the professional doctorate degree.
GradSchools.com Top Schools with Doctorate Degrees*
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Format / Location - Online
Total Enrollments - 10,861+
Student / Teacher Ratio - 1:1
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Student / Teacher Ratio - 17:1
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Doctorate Degrees are sometimes referred to as terminal degrees which means it is the final degree available in graduate school for students wishing to study in the chosen subject. In most fields, the terminal-level degree is the doctor of philosophy, or PhD, but in some fields, it's a professional degree, such as a doctor of medicine or law degree.
We commonly associate a doctorate degree with the field of medicine and the abbreviation ‘M.D’, or medical doctorate, and the Ph.D., or Doctor of Philosophy Degree. In fact, there are different types of doctoral degrees, including the DBA degree, and several reasons why earning one might be just what the doctor ordered.
What Is the Difference Between a PhD Degree and a Doctorate Degree?
Doctoral degrees encompass both PhD degrees and other 'Doctor of' degrees. While these may be equivalent academically, there are differences to learn between PhD degrees and other degrees such as the Doctor of Business Administration (DBA) or Juris Doctor (JD). Essentially, the differences appear in terms of the type of research and the focus for each degree - whether it is research-focused (PhD) or professional practice-focused (e.g. DBA degree, JD degree, PsyD degree).
What Is a PhD?
Doctor of Philosophy, or PhD degrees, are research-based academic degrees which are awarded in many fields. A PhD degree is granted to students who have conducted publishable, original research in a peer-reviewed academic publication. Additionally, to get to that research, doctoral candidates have to complete a substantial amount of coursework beyond the master’s degree level. Many holders of this degree might pursue academic careers as college professors, scholarly writers and researchers. While the most common research degree is the Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) degree, other research doctorates are available. These might include the following.
- Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)
- Doctor of Arts (D.A.)
- Doctor of Musical Arts (D.M.A.)
- Doctor of Professional Studies (DProf)
- Doctor of Social Science (DSocSci)
- Doctor of Management (DMan)
- Doctor of Engineering (D Eng)
- Doctor of Theology (ThD)
What Is A Professional Doctorate Degree?
A professional doctorate degree is awarded in fields where both research and study are required, but the type of research is ‘applied’. This means it is designed to be used for professional purposes, such as to solve a real-world problem in their domain. These can be seen in psychology, medicine, engineering, education, law and business. Unlike the PhD, some professional doctorates while considered terminal degrees within their specific profession, may serve as a prerequisite or platform to a research degree in that field. Examples of professional doctorates might include those listed below.
- Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.)
- Doctor of Medicine (M.D.)
- Doctor of Ministry (D.Min.)
- Doctor of Psychology (Psy.D.)
- Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (D.V.M.)
- Doctor of Nursing Practice (D.N.P.)
- Doctor of Dental Medicine (D.M.D.)
- Doctor of Dental Surgery (D.D.S.)
- Doctor of Optometry (O.D.)
- Doctor of Physical Therapy (D.P.T.)
- Doctor of Chiropractic (D.C.)
- Doctor of Jurisprudence (J.D.)
- Doctor of Osteopathic
- Doctor of Business Administration (DBA)
- Doctor of Public Administration (DPA)
- Doctor of Social Work (DSW)
Note that the Ed.D., D.Min., D.B.A. and M.D. are both research and professional doctorate degrees. Original research for a dissertation may have a combination of both theory and practical components.
PhD programs are available within various fields of study. In each of these disciplines, there may be doctorate programs in several specialties and concentration areas. This may allow you to tailor your program to your interests and career goals.
Degrees Awarded for Doctoral and PhD Programs near France
|PhD Program||Degree Awarded|
|Criminal Justice and Legal Education||Ph.D. in Criminal Justice|
|Fine Arts and Design||Ph.D|
|Health and Medicine||PharmD, DBA, DPT, DNP, DSL, Au.D|
|Math, Science, Engineering, Technology (STEM)||Ph.D., M.D/Ph.D, DBA, DCS|
|Public Affairs and Social Sciences||PsyD, DMFT, DSW, DrPH, DPA|
|Religious Studies||D.Min, PhD|
DID YOU KNOW?
About 3 percent of all jobs in the United States were in occupations that typically require a doctoral degree (Ph.D.) or first professional degree, such as in law or medicine. In May 2013, the median annual wage for those jobs was $97,550 according to The Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Aim High: The Higher Doctoral Degrees
A higher level of research doctorates are sometimes awarded to those whose research is of a very high standard. These higher doctorates are also bestowed if a university wishes to formally acknowledge an individual for their achievements or contributions in the field.
Preparing for a Doctoral Degree in Your Field
Earning a doctoral degree may require a major investment of time and energy, but at the same time, climbing that mountain may give you excellent results and recognition. Just remember to do some homework as early as college. Choosing a bachelor’s degree from an accredited university, taking coursework during the preliminary degree(s), and making sure you are up to the commitment are some of the building blocks to earning your PhD degree or doctorate degree in any field.
How to Earn a Doctorate Degree
While each doctorate degree has its own requirements, doctorate degree curriculum typically involves coursework plus research. In the event you are in a four-year doctoral degree program, you may need to complete the following steps.
- Complete 60 to 120 semester credits (varies between graduate schools)
- Pass final examinations
- Write and defend a research thesis or dissertation
Other doctoral programs may involve a capstone project and supervised placement in your field. Format may vary depending on the type of doctoral degree you are pursuing. However, usually the courses are taken first. Rigorous examinations follow subsequent to test a candidate's knowledge. A dissertation topic is proposed and the latter part of one's doctorate program may be spent in research - collecting, recording, analyzing data, testing a hypothesis or whatever is pertinent to the field of study. Programs may vary, so follow up directly about individual programs to learn more.
DID YOU KNOW?
To receive a doctoral degree, students must often complete a dissertation, a lengthy research project that contributes new knowledge to the field. Occupations that require a doctoral degree include animal scientists, computer and information research scientists, and physicists.
How Many Years Does It Take to Earn a Doctorate Degree?
Typically, a doctorate degree program can take about 4 to 6 years to complete after the bachelor’s degree. If you hold a master’s degree, you may be able to complete your doctorate in about 3 years of full-time study - or you may be able to find a dual masters and phd program. However, this is going to depend on the institution and the type of program. In some universities, it may be possible to find part-time doctoral degree programs, a factor that might extend time to completion.
What Are the Prerequisites for a Doctorate?
Doctoral applicants were previously required to have a master's degree, but many programs accept students immediately following undergraduate studies. Many programs gauge the potential of a student applying to their program and grant a master's degree upon completion of the necessary Ph.D. course work.
Is a Doctorate Degree 'Right' for You?
Doctoral degrees are not required in every field, which doesn't mean you shouldn't go for it. However, if you are thinking ahead to plan your scholastic path, or pave the way to a potential career, it is important to find out whether a doctoral or professional degree is required for professional practice. Is a PhD degree ultimately best for you? According to The Bureau of Labor Statistics data, the answer may be ‘yes’ if any of the below statements are true.
- Your goal is advanced computer and information research.
- You are interested in a medical field (dentist, doctor, chiropractor).
- You want to do independent research in medical science, physics, biochemistry, biophysics.
- You want to work as a librarian in an academic library.
- Your ambition is to work as a licensed clinical psychologist.
Are Online PhD Programs Available?
Yes, some schools do offer online PhD programs. These may allow you to pursue your education without compromising your schedule. Generally, online programs will make course readings, syllabi, assignments and lectures available through an online platform. Online doctoral programs may also use chatrooms, discussion boards and email to encourage communication with professors and classmates. Fully online PhD programs are not always available. However, if this is the case, you might find hybrid doctoral programs which combine web-based courses with intensives on campus. Contact schools to learn more. You can even find online PhD programs that don't require you to take a GRE!
Accreditation and Doctoral Degrees
Accreditation in the United States focuses on institutions and programs. Institutional accreditation takes into account the integrity of the graduate school (faculty, mission, achievement). Specialized program accreditation takes into account courses and educational standards. Accreditation may help you evaluate the quality of a PhD program or school. It may also be an important factor if you are interested in federal aid.
An institution can be accredited nationally by the United States Department of Education or the Council for Higher Education Accreditation. These national agencies recognize 6 regional organizations in turn.
Standards for PhD program accreditation differ, and you are wise to see what they are in your field. For instance, the American Psychological Association (APA) accredits doctoral programs in psychology (PhD and PsyD), but look to the American Association of Colleges of Nursing for Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) programs. Visit the US Department of Education or individual accrediting bodies websites to learn more.
Find 13,776 Accredited PhD and Doctoral Programs near France
Browse our directory of accredited PhD programs and accredited doctoral programs below. Finding the research or professional doctorate degree that aligns with your interest is easy. Be sure to pay attention to deadline dates for applications for each potential graduate school so you don’t miss out!
Northcentral UniversityUpcoming Start Date: January 14, 2019
The Doctor of Business Administration degree with a specialization in Criminal Justice uniquely prepares students for...
Sacred Heart University
The online Post-Master's Doctor of Nursing Practice program offered by Sacred Heart University infuses practice-focused doctoral education with innovation and practical clinical research and scholarship.
- Fairfield, CT
- Arlington, VAArlington, VA
Divine Mercy University
IPS graduates with a Doctor of Psychology (Psy.D.) in Clinical Psychology are trained to address today’s mental health challenges by utilizing advanced psychotherapy skills, psychological testing, and a focus on specific pathologies and concepts within...
Arkansas State University
Arkansas State University offers an affordable online Education Specialist program in Educational Leadership with an emphasis in Special Education for special education teachers who possess a master's degree.
Whether you aspire to be a leader or a teacher in the criminal justice arena, Walden University’s Ph.D. in Criminal Justice online program can prepare you with the skills you need for career advancement.
Lead people to new heights with your Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Organizational Development and Leadership from Ashford University. This doctoral degree is the culmination of graduate studies in leadership and organization.
- Boston, MABoston, MA
The PhD program in Behavior Analysis is a 68-credit doctoral program designed to train and position qualified behavior analysts to make significant contributions to the science and to the community...
- Belmont, CABelmont, CA
Notre Dame de Namur University
Notre Dame de Namur University offers the only PhD art therapy program in the nation generating new knowledge and career opportunities in clinical practice, research, teaching and international work...
A.T. Still University of Health Sciences
A.T. Still University offers this transitional degree program that is designed for the practicing audiologist. The broadly experienced, self-motivated audiologist will receive advanced standing in appropriate areas and follow an individualized course...
- Laurel, MDLaurel, MD
Maryland University of Integrative Health
Graduates of this program are eligible to become licensed acupuncturists who are prepared to work as part of multidisciplinary healthcare teams. As a first professional doctorate, students can enroll with a bachelor’s degree.
- Laurel, MD
Purdue University Global
Purdue Global’s Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) is designed to prepare advanced practice nurses to thrive in today’s rapidly changing health care environment. With the shrinking number of primary care providers, the nursing shortage, and the increasing...
- Hagerstown, MD
- Indianapolis, IN
- Lewiston, ME
- Mason City, IA
- Milwaukee, WI
- Des Moines, IA
- Augusta, ME
- Cedar Rapids, IA
- Davenport, IA
- Omaha, NE
- Rockville, MD
- South Portland, ME
- Saint Louis, MO
- Philadelphia, PAPhiladelphia, PA
Become an expert in analyzing, designing and manufacturing mechanical systems ranging from car airbag sensors to electric propulsion systems for space travel in the Mechanical Engineering PhD.
- Philadelphia, PA
The Chicago School of Professional PsychologyUpcoming Start Date: May 06, 2019
The Chicago School’s Ph.D. in International Psychology attracts passionate world learners who want to make an impact in an increasingly diverse and global society.
- Los Angeles, CA
- Washington, DC
- Chicago, IL
- Irvine, CA
- New Orleans, LA
- San Diego, CA
Indiana Wesleyan UniversityUpcoming Start Date: September 03, 2019
The Doctor of Philosophy with a major in Organizational Leadership includes both onsite classes in Indiana and online coursework. Its mission is to provide a Christ centered, innovative, and challenging doctoral program, which enables students to bec...
- Marion, IN
- Chicago, ILChicago, IL
Loyola University Chicago
Built on a commitment to social justice and service, the PhD in Social Work program extends Loyola's tradition of educating students in clinical research, scholarship and teaching. Graduates are prepared for leadership in practice or academic arenas.
- Chicago, IL
- Portland, MEPortland, ME
University of New England
The University of New England’s College of Pharmacy participates in the Centralized Application Service for Pharmacy (PharmCAS)...
University of Southern California
Doctor of Education (EdD) in Organizational Change and Leadership: Prepares current and emerging leaders to drive systemic change in schools, nonprofits and government agencies, promoting learning and creating more effective, competitive organi...
As a seasoned nurse practitioner, you do far more than care for the sick. You elevate the practice of patient-centered care and help transform the way healthcare is delivered. Now it’s time to gain the doctoral-level credentials that support th...
- Berrien Springs, MIBerrien Springs, MI
The DNP is designed for nurses seeking a terminal degree in nursing practice and offers an alternative to research-focused doctoral programs.
- Baltimore, MDBaltimore, MD
Johns Hopkins UniversityUpcoming Start Date: May 06, 2019
The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health is the largest and oldest graduate school of public health. Founded in 1916 as part of the Johns Hopkins University, the School has served as the model for public health schools, creatin...
- Worcester, MAWorcester, MA
Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences (MCPHS)
As the second oldest pharmacy program in the U.S., we have been educating pharmacy professionals since 1823. Learn from our experienced faculty about everything from patient care to the management of patient practice and public health...
- Manchester, NH
- Boston, MA