Doctorate Degrees and PhD Programs in Canada
What is a Doctorate Degree vs a PhD Degree?
A Doctorate, or Doctoral Degree, is the highest level of academic degree awarded by a university. A doctorate typically signifies that the individual is qualified to teach at the post-secondary level or work in a specific field of profession. There are two major types of doctoral degrees; the research-oriented degree, and the professional doctorate degree.
Doctorate Degrees are sometimes referred to as terminal degrees which means it is the final degree available in graduate school for students wishing to study in the chosen subject. In most fields, the terminal-level degree is the doctor of philosophy, or PhD, but in some fields, it's a professional degree, such as a doctor of medicine or law degree.
We commonly associate a doctorate degree with the field of medicine and the abbreviation ‘M.D’, or medical doctorate, and the Ph.D., or Doctor of Philosophy Degree. In fact, there are different types of doctoral degrees, including the DBA degree, and several reasons why earning one might be just what the doctor ordered.
Is a PhD and a Doctorate the Same?
Doctoral degrees encompass both PhD degrees and other 'Doctor of' degrees. While these may be equivalent academically, there are differences to learn between PhD degrees and other degrees such as the Doctor of Business Administration (DBA) or Juris Doctor (JD). Essentially, the differences appear in terms of the type of research and the focus for each degree - whether it is research-focused (PhD) or professional practice-focused (e.g. DBA degree, JD degree, PsyD degree).
What Is a PhD?
Doctor of Philosophy, or PhD degrees, are research-based academic degrees which are awarded in many fields. A PhD degree is granted to students who have conducted publishable, original research in a peer-reviewed academic publication. Additionally, to get to that research, doctoral candidates have to complete a substantial amount of coursework beyond the master’s degree level. Many holders of this degree might pursue academic careers as college professors, scholarly writers and researchers. While the most common research degree is the Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) degree, other research doctorates are available.
Some popular PhD Majors include:
- Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)
- Doctor of Arts (D.A.)
- Doctor of Musical Arts (D.M.A.)
- Doctor of Professional Studies (DProf)
- Doctor of Social Science (DSocSci)
- Doctor of Management (DMan)
- Doctor of Engineering (D Eng)
- Doctor of Theology (ThD)
What Is A Professional Doctorate Degree?
A professional doctorate degree is awarded in fields where both research and study are required, but the type of research is ‘applied’. This means it is designed to be used for professional purposes, such as to solve a real-world problem in their domain. These can be seen in psychology, medicine, engineering, education, law and business. Unlike the PhD, some professional doctorates while considered terminal degrees within their specific profession, may serve as a prerequisite or platform to a research degree in that field.
Examples of professional doctorates might include:
- Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.)
- Doctor of Medicine (M.D.)
- Doctor of Ministry (D.Min.)
- Doctor of Psychology (Psy.D.)
- Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (D.V.M.)
- Doctor of Nursing Practice (D.N.P.)
- Doctor of Dental Medicine (D.M.D.)
- Doctor of Dental Surgery (D.D.S.)
- Doctor of Optometry (O.D.)
- Doctor of Physical Therapy (D.P.T.)
- Doctor of Chiropractic (D.C.)
- Doctor of Jurisprudence (J.D.)
- Doctor of Osteopathic
- Doctor of Business Administration (DBA)
- Doctor of Public Administration (DPA)
- Doctor of Social Work (DSW)
Note that the Ed.D., D.Min., D.B.A. and M.D. are both research and professional doctorate degrees. Original research for a dissertation may have a combination of both theory and practical components.
PhD programs are available within various fields of study. In each of these disciplines, there may be doctorate programs in several specialties and concentration areas. This may allow you to tailor your program to your interests and career goals.
Popular PhD and Doctorate Programs in Canada
DID YOU KNOW?
About 3 percent of all jobs in the United States were in occupations that typically require a doctoral degree (Ph.D.) or first professional degree, such as in law or medicine. In May 2013, the median annual wage for those jobs was $97,550 according to The Bureau of Labor Statistics.
What is Higher Than a PhD?
A higher level of research doctorates, called Higher Doctorates, are sometimes awarded to those whose research is of a very high standard. These higher doctorates are also bestowed if a university wishes to formally acknowledge an individual for their achievements or contributions in the field. A Higher Doctorate typically signals that you have authoritative standing in your field.
Preparing for a Doctoral Degree in Your Field
Earning a doctoral degree may require a major investment of time and energy, but at the same time, climbing that mountain may give you excellent results and recognition. Just remember to do some homework as early as college. Choosing a bachelor’s degree from an accredited university, taking coursework during the preliminary degree(s), and making sure you are up to the commitment are some of the building blocks to earning your PhD degree or doctorate degree in any field.
How to Earn a Doctorate Degree near Canada
While each doctorate degree has its own requirements, doctorate degree curriculum typically involves coursework plus research. In the event you are in a four-year doctoral degree program, you may need to complete the following steps.
- Complete 60 to 120 semester credits (varies between graduate schools)
- Pass final examinations
- Write and defend a research thesis or dissertation
Other doctoral programs may involve a capstone project and supervised placement in your field. Format may vary depending on the type of doctoral degree you are pursuing. However, usually the courses are taken first. Rigorous examinations follow subsequent to test a candidate's knowledge. A dissertation topic is proposed and the latter part of one's doctorate program may be spent in research - collecting, recording, analyzing data, testing a hypothesis or whatever is pertinent to the field of study. Programs may vary, so follow up directly about individual programs to learn more.
DID YOU KNOW?
To receive a doctoral degree, students must often complete a dissertation, a lengthy research project that contributes new knowledge to the field. Occupations that require a doctoral degree include animal scientists, computer and information research scientists, and physicists.
How Many Years is a Doctoral Degree?
Typically, a doctorate degree program can take about 4 to 6 years to complete after the bachelor’s degree. If you hold a master’s degree, you may be able to complete your doctorate in about 3 years of full-time study - or you may be able to find a dual masters and phd program. However, this is going to depend on the institution and the type of program. In some universities, it may be possible to find part-time doctoral degree programs, a factor that might extend time to completion.
What Are the Prerequisites for a Doctorate?
Doctoral applicants were previously required to have a master's degree, but many programs accept students immediately following undergraduate studies. Many programs gauge the potential of a student applying to their program and grant a master's degree upon completion of the necessary Ph.D. course work.
Is a Doctorate Degree 'Right' for You?
Doctoral degrees are not required in every field, which doesn't mean you shouldn't go for it. However, if you are thinking ahead to plan your scholastic path, or pave the way to a potential career, it is important to find out whether a doctoral or professional degree is required for professional practice. Is a PhD degree ultimately best for you? According to The Bureau of Labor Statistics data, the answer may be ‘yes’ if any of the below statements are true.
- Your goal is advanced computer and information research.
- You are interested in a medical field (dentist, doctor, chiropractor).
- You want to do independent research in medical science, physics, biochemistry, biophysics.
- You want to work as a librarian in an academic library.
- Your ambition is to work as a licensed clinical psychologist.
Are Online PhD Programs Available?
Yes, some schools do offer online PhD programs. These may allow you to pursue your education without compromising your schedule. Generally, online programs will make course readings, syllabi, assignments and lectures available through an online platform. Online doctoral programs may also use chatrooms, discussion boards and email to encourage communication with professors and classmates. Fully online PhD programs are not always available. However, if this is the case, you might find hybrid doctoral programs which combine web-based courses with intensives on campus. Contact schools to learn more. You can even find online PhD programs that don't require you to take a GRE!
Accreditation and Doctoral Degrees near Canada
Accreditation in the United States focuses on institutions and programs. Institutional accreditation takes into account the integrity of the graduate school (faculty, mission, achievement). Specialized program accreditation takes into account courses and educational standards. Accreditation may help you evaluate the quality of a PhD program or school. It may also be an important factor if you are interested in federal aid.
An institution can be accredited nationally by the United States Department of Education or the Council for Higher Education Accreditation. These national agencies recognize 6 regional organizations in turn.
Standards for PhD program accreditation differ, and you are wise to see what they are in your field. For instance, the American Psychological Association (APA) accredits doctoral programs in psychology (PhD and PsyD), but look to the American Association of Colleges of Nursing for Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) programs. Visit the US Department of Education or individual accrediting bodies websites to learn more.
Top 508 Graduate Schools with Doctorate and PhD Programs in Canada
- Accredited online university.
- Capella University offers doctoral programs designed to take you to the forefront of your profession.
- Competency-based curriculum delivers both foundation knowledge and real-world skills, so that what you’re learning in your courses is immediately applicable to your career goals.
Northcentral UniversityDoctor of Education - International Education Doctor of Philosophy in Education - Learning Analytics in Higher Education Doctor of Philosophy in Business Administration - Applied Computer Science Doctor of Education in Instructional Design (EDD-ID) Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology - Addictions Doctor of Philosophy in Organizational Leadership Doctor of Philosophy in Education - Curriculum and Teaching Doctor of Philosophy in Marriage & Family Therapy - Medical Family Therapy Doctor of Education - Special Education Doctor of Philosophy in Education - Special Education Doctor of Business Administration - Public Administration Doctor of Education - Learning Analytics in K-12 Education Doctor of Education - E-Learning Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology - Health Psychology Education Specialist - Leadership in Higher Education Education Specialist - Learning Analytics in Higher Education Doctor of Business Administration - Applied Computer Science Doctor of Philosophy in Business Administration - Health Care Administration Doctor of Business Administration - Criminal Justice Education Specialist - Organizational Leadership Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology - Mental Health Policy and Practice Doctor of Philosophy in Business Administration - Management of Engineering and Technology Doctor of Education - Early Childhood Education Doctor of Business Administration - Computer and Information Security Doctor of Philosophy in Education - English Language Learning
University of West AlabamaEd.D in Rural Education, Organizational Change and Leadership Ed.D. in Rural Education, Teaching and Learning
Temple UniversityDoctor of Philosophy in Environmental Engineering Doctor of Philosophy in Mechanical Engineering Doctor of Philosophy in Electrical Engineering Doctor of Philosophy in Civil Engineering Doctor of Philosophy in Bioengineering
Sacred Heart UniversityDoctor of Nursing Practice Doctor of Education in Educational Leadership
Rivier UniversityDoctor of Nursing Practice Doctor of Nursing Practice - Systems Leadership
Nova Southeastern UniversityDNP Doctor of Philosophy in Information Systems
Institute for Doctoral Studies in the Visual ArtsPhD in Visual Arts: Philosophy, Aesthetics, and Art Theory
Northern Illinois UniversityOnline MSN to Doctor of Nursing Practice Online BSN to Doctor of Nursing Practice
Westcliff UniversityDoctor of Business Administration (DBA)
Notre Dame de Namur UniversityArt Therapy PhD
Duquesne UniversityDoctorate in Nursing Practice
Trident University InternationalHealth Sciences (Ph.D.) Educational Leadership (Ph.D.) Doctor of Business Administration Educational Leadership (Ed. D.) Business Administration (Ph.D.)
Purdue University GlobalM.S. - DNP Path (Doctor of Nursing Practice) M.S. - DNP Executive Leader M.S. - DNP Adult Nurse Practitioner Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) M.S. - DNP Family Nurse Practitioner
Walden UniversityPhD in Human & Social Services - Disaster, Crisis & Intervention (MS Entry - Fast Track) PhD in Industrial & Organizational Psychology - (BS Entry) - General Practice PhD in Developmental Psychology - BS Entry - Health & Human Development PhD in Education - Higher Education Leadership, Management & Policy PhD in Human & Social Services - Community Intervention & Leadership (BS Entry) Doctor of Education (EdD) - Higher Education Leadership & Management Doctor of Education (EdD) - Educational Administration & Leadership (Non-Licensure) PhD in Human & Social Services - Family Studies & Intervention (BS Entry) PhD in Human & Social Services - Mental Health Facilitation (BS Entry) Doctor of Business Administration (D.B.A.) - Global Supply Chain Management Doctor of Education (EdD) - Educational Technology PhD in Education - Early Childhood Leadership & Advocacy PhD in Developmental Psychology - BS Entry - Teaching Doctor of Business Administration (D.B.A.) - Self-Designed Doctor of Business Administration (D.B.A.) - Accounting PhD in Developmental Psychology - BS Entry - Child & Adolescent Development Doctor of Education (EdD) - Community College Leadership PhD in Psychology - BS Entry - Teaching PhD in Education - Reading, Literacy, Assessment & Evaluation Doctor of Business Administration (D.B.A.) - Leadership PhD in Criminal Justice - Homeland Security Policy & Coordination PhD in Human & Social Services - Criminal Justice (BS Entry) PhD in Education - Organizational Research, Assessment & Evaluation Doctor of Business Administration (D.B.A.) - Social Impact Management PhD in Education - Learning, Instruction & Innovation
William James CollegeClinical Psychology PsyD School Psychology, PsyD Leadership Psychology, PsyD
Saybrook UniversityPh.D. Psychology Ph.D. Organizational Systems Ph.D. Mind-Body Medicine Ph.D. in Counselor Education and Supervision Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology Ph.D. Transformative Social Change Ph.D. Integrative and Functional Nutrition Ph.D. Applied Psychophysiology
The Chicago School of Professional PsychologyPsy.D. Clinical Forensic Psychology Psy.D. Marital and Family Therapy Psy.D. Applied Clinical Psychology Ph.D. Organizational Leadership
Concordia University-PortlandEdD in Educational Leadership - Instructional Leadership EdD in Educational Leadership - Higher Education EdD in Educational Leadership - Transformational Leadership EdD in Professional Leadership, Inquiry, and Transformation EdD in Educational Leadership - Administrative Leadership
Liberty University OnlineDoctor of Ministry: Worship Doctor of Education: Curriculum and Instruction Doctor of Education: Curriculum and Instruction/Elementary Education Doctor of Business Administration: Project Management Doctor of Business Administration: Marketing Doctor of Business Administration: Supply Chain Management and Logistics DMN: Biblical Studies Doctor of Business Administration: Accounting PHD: Strategic Media Doctor of Ministry: Expository Preaching Doctor of Business Administration: International Business Doctor of Business Administration: Strategic Management Doctor of Business Administration: Healthcare Management Doctor of Business Administration: Leadership Doctor of Ministry: Evangelism and Church Planting Doctor of Philosophy in Higher Education Administration: Education Leadership DMN: Chaplaincy PHD Education: Educational Law DMN: Church Revitalization Doctor of Ministry: Discipleship Education Specialist: Curriculum and Instruction Doctor of Ministry: Pastoral Counseling Doctor of Philosophy: Counselor Education and Supervision Doctor of Business Administration: Strategic Media and Digital Content Doctor of Business Administration: Non-Profit Leadership & Management
Grand Canyon UniversityD.B.A. with an Emphasis in Management Bridge (Doctor of Business Administration with an Emphasis in Marketing) D.B.A. with an Emphasis in Data Analytics Doctor of Education in Teaching and Learning with an Emphasis in Adult Learning Ed.D. in Organizational Leadership in with an Emphasis in K-12 Leadership Ph.D. in General Psychology with an Emphasis in Integrating Technology, Learning, and Psychology Ed.D. in Organizational Leadership with an Emphasis in Behavioral Health Ed. D. in Organizational Leadership with an Emphasis in Health Care Administration Bridge (Doctor of Business Administration with an Emphasis in Data Analytics) D.B.A. with an Emphasis in Marketing Ed.D. in Organizational Leadership with an Emphasis in Organizational Development Ed. S. in K-12 Leadership Doctor of Nursing Practice with an Emphasis in Educational Leadership Ed.D. in Organizational Leadership with an Emphasis in Christian Ministry Ed.D. in Organizational Leadership with an Emphasis in Higher Education Leadership Bridge (Doctor of Philosophy in Counselor Education and Supervision) Doctor of Philosophy in Counselor Education and Supervision Ph.D. in General Psychology with an Emphasis in Performance Psychology Ed. D. in Organizational Leadership with an Emphasis in Special Education Ph.D. in General Psychology with an Emphasis in Cognition and Instruction Ph.D. in General Psychology with an Emphasis in Industrial and Organizational Psychology Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
South UniversityDBA Doctor of Business Administration Pharmacy Doctor of Nursing Practice
Capella UniversityPhD - Management Education (ACBSP-accredited) EdD - Personalized and Competency-Based Instruction EdD - Reading and Literacy PhD - Psychology DSW - Social Work DBA - Global Operations and Supply Chain Management (ACBSP-accredited) PhD - Social and Community Services PhD - Curriculum and Instruction EdD - Teacher Leader in K-12 Studies PhD - Strategy and Innovation PhD - Industrial/Organizational Psychology EdD - Adult Education DBA - Accounting PhD - Nursing Education PhD - Leadership for Higher Education DNP - Doctor of Nursing Practice (CCNE-accredited) EdS - Curriculum and Instruction PhD - Nonprofit Management and Leadership DIT - Project Management DIT - Information Technology Education PhD - Emergency Management EdS - Teacher Leader in Digital Transformation DBA - Strategy and Innovation (ACBSP-accredited) EdS - Leadership in Educational Administration PhD - Behavioral Analysis
UMassOnlineDoctor of Nursing Practice (Boston) Doctor of Nursing Practice (Amherst) Doctor of Education in Leadership in Schooling: STEM Option, Ed.D Doctor of Education in Leadership in Schooling, Ed.D
Saint Mary's University of MinnesotaEd.D. in Leadership Ed.S. in Educational Administration
Colorado Technical UniversityDoctorate of Management - Project Management Doctorate of Management - Graduate Level Instructional Practices Doctorate of Management - Organizational Development and Change Doctorate of Management - Environmental and Social Sustainability Doctorate of Computer Science - Information Assurance Doctorate of Computer Science - Enterprise Information Systems Doctorate of Computer Science - Digital Systems Security Doctorate of Management - Global Leadership Doctorate of Management - Healthcare Management and Leadership Doctor of Nursing Practice Doctorate of Computer Science Doctorate of Computer Science - Emerging Media Doctorate of Management - Private Sector Higher Education Leadership Doctorate of Management - Leadership Doctorate of Management - Homeland Security
University of the SouthwestDoctorate of Business Administration - Strategy and Innovation Doctorate of Business Administration - Leadership and Organizational Development Doctor of Business Administration
Union Institute and UniversityPH.D. in Interdisciplinary Studies
University of New EnglandDoctor of Pharmacy
Columbia Southern UniversityDoctor of Business Administration
Colorado State UniversityHigher Education Leadership - Ph.D.