for those in managerial positions.

To find Math Grad Schools, use the easy navigation settings on GradSchools.com to find on sponsored listings for campus programs by city, state or country. Then, use the ‘request info’ tab to contact the school. Some of the programs you might come across could include: Doctorate of Pharmacology, PhD in Statistics, PhD in Mathematics, and Research Methodology PhD.

*FACT: Mathematical Reasoning is the ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.(O'Net)***[ii]**

## Types of Mathematics and Statistics PhD Campus Programs

At the PhD level, you might expect different types of programs depending on whether you are studying (pure or) applied mathematics or applied statistics or working towards a PhD in Mathematics with a concentration in Statistics. GradSchools.com has a directory of doctorate degrees by concentration area. These include:

- Ph.D. in Actuarial and Financial Engineering Programs
- Ph.D. in Mathematics Programs
- Ph.D. in Statistics and Data Analysis Programs

Different universities may describe their programs with unique language, so when reviewing universities or math grad schools, one should think about the type of courses and research topics that hold the most significance to them, as well as understand some of the common mathematical terms that might be used. The following gives a brief outline for readers.

## Pure vs. Applied Mathematics

In an applied math Ph.D. program, online students might learn how to use theories and mathematical techniques, such as computational methods and mathematical modeling, to solve real-time problems in government, business, engineering, physical and social sciences. For pure mathematics programs, Ph.D. candidates might create new mathematics principles or formulas, with the intention of advancing mathematical knowledge. Oftentimes, these two branches of mathematics overlap within Ph.D. programs.

## Mathematics and Statistics

For Ph.D. students who study Mathematics, there is sometimes an option to choose a concentration such as Statistics. In this case you might study statistical theory and methodology as it applies to the natural sciences, biomedical sciences, engineering, finance, or business management.[iii]

## Mathematical Statistics

Statistics itself is a branch of mathematics; mathematical Statistics involve the application of mathematics to statistics. This might include the study of mathematical techniques such as[iv]:

- Mathematical analysis
- Linear algebra
- Stochastic analysis
- Differential equations
- Measure-theoretic probability theory

## Accreditation for Math Grad Schools

Accreditation may matter to both students who want loans and grants, and prospective employers. In the United States, there are two types of accreditation; programmatic and institutional. According to the CHEA[v]:

- Colleges and universities may be accredited by one of 19 recognized institutional accrediting organizations.
- Programs may be accredited by one of approximately 60 recognized programmatic accrediting organizations. (Accrediting organizations that are “recognized” have been reviewed for quality by the Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA) or the United States Department of Education (USDE).)
- ABET, for instance is the accrediting agency for programs in applied science, computing, engineering, and engineering technology [vi]

## Take the Next Step

While a Ph.D. may be a rigorous endeavor, it may also reward you with recognition, achievement and upward mobility in your profession. Certainly it is the degree of choice for computer and information research scientists[vii], research or academic roles for statisticians[viii] and for some mathematician positions in the private sector.[ix] These are all high job growth sectors and taking that next academic step may prove to be well worthwhile.

sources[i] bls.gov/ooh/math/statisticians.htm |[ii] onetonline.org/link/summary/15-2021.00 |[iii] en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Statistics |[iv] en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Statistics |[v] chea.org/public_info/index.asp#intro |[vi] abet.org/accreditation/ |[vii] .bls.gov/ooh/computer-and-information-technology/computer-and-information-research-scientists.htm |[viii] bls.gov/ooh/math/statisticians.htm |[ix] bls.gov/ooh/math/mathematicians.htm |