The Department of Anatomy in the School of Medicine offers advanced graduate study leading to the Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. The program also offers opportunities for study in the graduate program in Neuroscience (GPN) through a joint effort involving four departments: Anatomy, Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Pharmacology and Toxicology, and Physiology. Current research interests include: morphological and functional studies of axonal reaction, cerebral blood flow, neurotransmitter imbalance and protein synthesis following traumatic or ischemic brain injury; neurophysiology, transmitter neurochemistry and neuroanatomy of eye movement; neural regeneration and myelination; brain mechanisms of multisensory integration; function of neuroglia in development and disease; ontogeny, aging and cell biology of the immune system dysfunction; immunobiology of antibody responses; molecular origins of brain tumors and therapeutic approaches to brain malignancy; gene expression in cardiac myocytes; molecular mechanisms of angiogenesis; endothelial pathophysiology; neuroendocrinology and hypothalamic control mechanisms; ultrastructure, immunocytochemistry and aging of the reproductive system; development of computer-assisted instructional materials for teaching gross anatomy, histology and neuroanatomy. The Department of Anatomy also offers a combined Anatomy/Physical Therapy Ph.D. degree designed particularly for students interested in pursuing a career in these complimentary fields, such as an academic position at a university. The program requires a B.S. or M.S. in Physical Therapy.