Graduate education in the Penn State Department of Philosophy is characterized by a focus on, and commitment to, the history of philosophy, conceived as a basis for study in diverse areas of special interest. In addition, the graduate program includes special emphases on both contemporary European American philosophy (including transcendentalism, semiotics, pragmatism, and contemporary cultural issues). In addition, all students' programs are arranged to facilitate preparation in the systematic fields of epistemology, philosophy of science, and mathematical logic and there is a provision for directed research, collaboration, and in-depth consultation by students with member of the faculty. Interdisciplinary study is also possible across the humanities, the social sciences, the arts, the natural sciences, and interdisciplinary programs such as Women's Studies, Classics and Ancient Mediterranean Studies, and Science Technology, and Society. There are doctoral minors are available in social thought and in literary theory, criticism, and aesthetics, and joint programs with the Department of Mathematics in sciences. Study abroad is possible as well, through exchange programs or individual arrangements with leading departments of philosophy.