Graduate programs leading to the Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy degrees are offered at The University of Iowa. Both thesis and nonthesis M.S. programs are available, and either may be followed by a subsequent Ph.D. program. Excellence in scholarship and research is stimulated through close contact with the faculty throughout the period of graduate study and through programs tailored to fit individual needs. Each student selects an adviser, and together with the adviser plans an individual graduate program, with freedom of choice bounded within broad guidelines imposed by the Graduate College and by the program.