Doctor of Science (Economics and Business Administration); Doctor of Philosophy
HSE offers an international doctoral program for those seeking academic careers or high level positions in business in Finland or abroad. Since the foundation of HSE in 1911, approximately 300 students have completed the Doctor's degree. Vilho Nurmilahti was the first person in the HSE to publicly defend his doctoral dissertation in 1937. It was also the first dissertation in economics in the Nordic countries.
For the Doctoral degree, each student must complete the coursework which is composed of Common Scientific Doctoral Studies and Major Subject Studies and write Doctoral Dissertation. The quality of the doctoral dissertations is international. Most of the dissertations are written in English and the main results are often published as articles in international refereed scientific journals.