Behavioural and Cognitive Neuroscience, Behavioural and Cognitive Neuroscience
BEHAVIORAL NEUROSCIENCE examines the biological basis of behaviour. At Laurier we address human and animal psychological issues by exploring the interaction between behaviour and the nervous systems of animals. Commonalities between humans and animals relating to cognitive, learning, and motivational processes are being explored by seeing how rats, pigeons, and other small animals behave and determining the role of the inner workings of the brain in these behaviours. Humans and animals process information, hold it in memory, and then use it to guide their behaviour. The motivation that controls our behaviour is often evident in animals as well. Currently researchers in behavioural neuroscience at Laurier have the resources and skills to provide a program that trains students to explore these biological behavioural issues.
COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE has emerged as one of the most dynamic and fruitful areas of research in the behavioural sciences. To gain a complete understanding of “how “people think” one needs to understand the brain processes that are ultimately responsible for the various processes identified by Cognitive Psychology. The brain imaging techniques such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), high density evoked potentials (EP), and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) make this now possible. The new field of Cognitive Neuroscience is one of the most exciting fields in the life sciences. Models of cognitive processes can now be constrained and informed by knowledge about the neural events that give birthproduce to them. In turn, brain imaging studies are guided by the discoveries and hypotheses generated by cognitive approaches.