By: Stephanie Small
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, based on C.G. Jung’s personality theories, is a personality inventory measuring the ways people experience the world and make decisions. Originally developed during World War II by Katharine Cook Briggs and her daughter Isabel Briggs Meyers, its initial aim was to assist women entering the workforce for the first time in determining which careers might best suit them. Since then it has been used as a tool for career counseling and self-understanding. Knowing your type can offer significant insight into the jobs and settings that may best suit you and allow your innate skills to flourish.
Jung classified primary human cognitive functions as “rational” (thinking and feeling) and “irrational” (sensing and intuition).
It is important to note “irrational” does not have a negative connotation. In fact, “rational” refers to “judging”, while “irrational” refers to “perceiving”.
The MBTI sorts these psychological differences into four opposite pairs called “dichotomies”. These are:
For each of the four categories, every individual is drawn towards one of the two modalities of functioning, resulting in a possible total of 16 personality types all having their own unique strengths and weaknesses. Of course, a person’s Meyers-Briggs classification is not 100% definitive, as humans are rarely only one thing or another, the test merely provides insight into ones personality as a starting point for self-reflection and personal growth.
|ISTJ: Introversion - Sensing - Thinking - Judging|
|ISFJ: Introversion - Sensing - Feeling - Judging|
|INFJ: Introversion - Intuition - Feeling - Judging|
|INTJ: Introversion - Intuition - Thinking - Judging|
|ISTP: Introversion - Sensing - Thinking - Perceiving|
|ISFP: Introversion - Sensing - Feeling - Perceiving|
|INFP: Introversion - Intuition - Feeling - Perceiving|
|INTP: Introversion - Intuition - Thinking - Perceiving|
|ESTP: Extroversion - Sensing - Thinking - Perceiving|
|ESFP: Extroversion - Sensing - Feeling - Perceiving|
|ENFP: Extroversion - Intuition - Feeling - Perceiving|
|ENTP: Extroversion - Intuition - Thinking - Perceiving|
|ESTJ: Extroversion - Sensing - Thinking - Judging|
|ESFJ: Extroversion - Sensing - Feeling - Judging|
|ENFJ: Extroversion - Intuition - Feeling - Judging|
|ENTJ: Entroversion - Intuition - Thinking - Judging|